Skip to main content
Vocable Translation
a, ab+Abl. Preposition by, of, from
abhinc Adverb since, ago, in past, from this time, henceforth, …
abeō, abīs, abire IR, abii, abitum Verb to go away, depart
accuso, accusas, accusare A, accusavi, accusatum Verb accuse, indict
adhuc Adverb yet, so far, still
adiuvo, adiuvas, adiuvare A, adiūvi, adiūtum Verb help
admoveo, admoves, admovere E, admovi, admotum Verb move up, bring up/near, lean on, conduct, draw ne…
adsum Phrase I am here
advenio, advenis, advenire I, adveni, adventum Verb come to, arrive, arrive at, reach, be brought, de…
aedificium, aedificii [n.] O Noun building, house
aestas, aestatis [f.] C Noun summer
aestus, aestus [m.] U Noun agitation, passion, seething, raging, boiling, he…
ager, agri [m.] O Noun field, ground, farm, land, estate, park, territor…
ago, agis, agere C, egi, actusum Verb drive, lead, do, act, pass, spend
agnosco, agnoscis, agnoscere C, agnovi, agnitum Verb recognize, realize, discern, acknowledge, claim, …
albatus/albata/albatum, AO Adjective clothed in white
aliquis, aliquid Pronoun anyone, anything, something, someone
aliter Adverb otherwise, differently, in any other way [aliter …
alter Conjunction the_one ... the_other (alter ... alter), otherwise
amo, amas, amare A, amavi, amatum Verb love
ambulo, ambulas, ambulare A, ambulavi, ambulatum Verb go, walk
amica, amicae [f.] A Noun friend (f.)
amicus, amici [m.] O Noun friend (m.)
ancilla, ancillae [f.] A Noun maid
animus, animi [m.] O Noun sense, mind, bravery, soul, spirit, courage
antea Adverb before, before this, formerly, previously, in the…
antiquus/antiqua/antiquum, AO Adjective ancient, old-time, antique
aperio, aperis, aperire I, aperui, apertum Verb open, appear
appareo, appares, apparere E, apparui, apparum Verb appear, come out, become clear, become evident
appello, appellas, appellare A, appellavi, appellatum Verb call
appropinquo, appropinquas, appropinquare A, appropinquavi, appropinquatum Verb approach, near, converge
apud Preposition at, with
aqua, aquae [f.] A Noun water
arbor, arboris [f.] C Noun tree
arcus, arcus [m.] U Noun bow, arc, coil, arch, rainbow, anything arched or…
area, areae [f.] A Noun area
arripio, arripis, arripere M, arripui, arreptum Verb take hold of, seize (hand/tooth/claw), snatch, ar…
ars, artis [f.] M Noun art, skill
ascendo, ascendis, ascendere C, ascendi, ascensum Verb climb, go/climb up, mount, scale, mount up, embar…
atque Conjunction and
atrium, atrii [n.] O Noun atrium, reception hall in a Roman house, auction …
attonitus/attonita/attonitum, AO Adjective astonished, fascinated, lightning/thunder-struck,…
audio, audis, audire I, audivi, auditum Verb hear, listen to
aureus/aurea/aureum, AO Adjective golden
auriga, aurigae [m.] A Noun charioteer, driver, groom, ostler, helmsman, the …
aurum, auri [n.] O Noun gold
aut … aut Phrase either ... or, or ... or
auxilium, auxilii [n.] O Noun help, aid
baculum, baculi [n.] O Noun stick, walking stick, staff, lictor's rod/staff (…
Bene Adverb well
bonus/bona/bonum, AO Adjective (1.) good, great, pleasant, favorable, valuable (…
bos, bovis [m.] C Noun ox, steer, cow
brevis/breve, brevis M Adjective short, little, small, stunted, brief, concise, qu…
Britannia, Britanniae [f.] A Noun Britain
cado, cadis, cadere C, cecidi, casum Verb fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple, be slain, die,…
caelum, caeli [n.] O Noun heaven, sky
calidus/calida/calidum, AO Adjective warm, hot, fiery, lusty, eager, rash, on the spot…
canis, canis [m.] M Noun dog
canto, cantas, cantare A, cantavi, cantatum Verb sing, play (roles/music), recite, praise, celebra…
capio, capis, capere M, cepi, captum Verb catch
caput, capitis [n.] C Noun head, leader, beginning, life, heading, chapter
caupo, cauponis [m.] C Noun shopkeeper, salesman, huckster, innkeeper, keeper…
caupona, cauponae [f.] A Noun landlady, (female) shopkeeper, innkeeper, inn, ta…
caveo, caves, cavere E, cavi, cautum Verb beware, avoid, take precautions/defensive action,…
celo, celas, celare A, celavi, celatum Verb conceal, hide, keep secret, disguise, keep in dar…
Celeriter Adverb Quickly, fast, Schnell
celerrime Adverb swiftly, quickly
cena, cenae [f.] A Noun food, meal, dinner
ceno, cenas, cenare A, cenavi, cenatum Verb eat
centum Other 100, hundred, one hundred, C (roman numerals)
certe Adverb certainly, for sure
cesso, cessas, cessare A, cessavi, cessatum Verb be remiss/inactive, hold back, leave off, delay, …
cibus, cibi [m.] O Noun Food, Ration
circensis/circense, circenis M Adjective of the Circus, associated with games in circus, u…
cista, cistae [f.] A Noun chest/box (usu. made of wicker), box for sacred c…
civis, civis [m.] I Noun citizen, fellow citizen
clamo, clamas, clamare A, clamavi, clamatum Verb shout, call
clamor, clamoris [m.] C Noun shout, outcry/protest, loud shouting (approval/jo…
claudo, claudis, claudere C, clausi, clausum Verb limp, stumble/falter/hesitate, be weak/imperfect,…
cliens, clientis [m.] M Noun customer (modern sense)
cogito, cogitas, cogitare A, cogitavi, cogitatum Verb think
custos, custodis [m.] C Noun guard, guardian, parent
do, das, dare A, dedi, datum Verb give, offer
de (m. Abl.) Preposition about, from, over, down and away
debeo, debes, debere E, debui, debitum Verb owe, ought, must
decem Numeral ten
defessus/defessa/defessum, AO Adjective worn out, weary, exhausted, tired, weakened (L+S)
deinde Conjunction then, then/next/afterward, thereon/henceforth/fro…
devoro, devoras, devorare A, devoravi, devoratum Verb devour, consume, swallow, gulp down, engulf/ingul…
dico, dicis, dicere C, dixi, dictum Verb say, call, tell
diligenter Adverb thorough, careful, diligent
diu Adverb long (time)
doceo, doces, docere E, docui, doctum Verb teach
doleo, doles, dolere E, dolui, dolum Verb grieve, suffer, hurt, give pain
domina, dominae [f.] A Noun mistress, lady
dominus, domini [m.] O Noun mister, gentleman, lord
domus, domi [f.] O Noun house, building, home, household, [domi => at hom…
dormio, dormis, dormire I, dormivi, dormitum Verb sleep
duco, ducis, ducere C, duxi, ductum Verb lead, guide, develop
dum Conjunction during, as long as, until, while
ecce Interjection behold! see! look! there! here! [ecce eum => here…
ego, tu, - Personal Pronoun I, you, he/she/it (personal pronoun)
emo, emis, emere C, emi, emptum Verb buy, purchase
enim Conjunction namely (postpos.), indeed, in fact, for, I mean, …
epistula, epistulae [f.] A Noun letter
equus, equi [m.] O Noun horse
erro, erras, errare A, erravi, erratum Verb wander, err, go astray, be mistaken
etiam Conjunction also, too, even
ex Preposition from, out of, of
excito, excitas, excitare A, excitavi, excitatum Verb wake up, stir up, cause, raise, erect, incite, ex…
explico, explicas, explicare A, explicavi, explicatum Verb (1.) unfold, explain (2.) spread out, deploy
extraho, extrahis, extrahere C, extraxi, extractum Verb drag out, prolong, rescue, extract, remove
fabula, fabulae [f.] A Noun story, tale, play
facio, facis, facere M, feci, factum Verb do, make, handle
fatuus/fatua/fatuum, AO Adjective foolish, silly, idiotic
faveo, faves, favere E, favi, fautum Verb promote, favour, prefer
femina, feminae [f.] A Noun woman
ferociter Adverb wild, bold, warlike, cruel, defiant, arrogant
fero, fers, ferre IR, tuli, latum Verb (1.) bear, carry, bring (2.) suffer, endure, tole…
filia, filiae [f.] A Noun daughter
filius, filii [m.] O Noun son
fortasse Adverb perhaps, possibly, it may be
fortis/forte, fortis M Adjective strong, brave, powerful, mighty, vigorous, firm, …
fossa, fossae [f.] A Noun ditch, trench, canal, moat, dike, fosse
furtim Adverb stealthily, secretly, imperceptibly
gaudeo, gaudes, gaudere E, -, gavisum Verb delight, be glad, rejoice (Semidep.)
gemo, gemis, gemere C, gemui, gemitum Verb moan, groan, lament (over), grieve that, give out…
gladius, gladii [m.] O Noun sword
Graecia, Graeciae [f.] A Noun Greece
gratia, gratiae [f.] A Noun thanks
habeo, habes, habere E, habui, habitum Verb have, hold
habito, habitas, habitare A, habitavi, habitatum Verb reside, live, dwell
heri Adverb yesterday
hodie Adverb today
homo, hominis [m.] C Noun human
hora, horae [f.] A Noun hour
hortus, horti [m.] O Noun garden, fruit/kitchen garden, pleasure garden, pa…
humi Adverb on/to the ground
iaceo, iaces, iacere E, iacui, - Verb lie, lie prostrate, lie dead
iacio, iacis, iacere M, ieci, iactum Verb throw, cast, hurl, lay, scatter, diffuse, skid
iam Adverb already, now
ianua, ianuae [f.] A Noun door
ibi Preposition there, in that place, thereupon
igitur Adverb therefore (postpositive), so/then, consequently, …
ignavus/ignava/ignavum, AO Adjective lazy/idle/sluggish, spiritless, cowardly, faint-h…
imber, imbris [m.] M Noun rain, shower, storm, shower of liquid/snow/hail/m…
immemor, immemoris M Adjective forgetful (by nature), lacking memory, heedless (…
infirmus/infirma/infirmum, AO Adjective not strong, weak, feeble
ingens, ingentis M Adjective not natural, immoderate, huge, vast, enormous, mi…
interea Adverb meanwhile, in between
intra Preposition in, within, inside
intro, intras, intrare A, intravi, intratum Verb enter, go
invenio, invenis, invenire I, inveni, inventum Verb come upon, find, discover, invent, contrive, reac…
invitus/invita/invitum, AO Adjective reluctant, unwilling, against one's will
iocus, ioci [m.] O Noun joke
ira, irae [f.] A Noun anger, wrath, rage
eo, is, ire IR, ii, - Verb go
is, ea, id Demonstrative Pronoun this
ita Adverb so, in such a way
itaque Conjunction because of, therefore, and so, accordingly, thus,…
iterum Adverb again, however
iubeo, iubes, iubere E, iussi, iussum Verb command, order, require
labor, laboris [m.] C Noun work, effort
laboro, laboras, laborare A, laboravi, laboratum Verb work
lacrimo, lacrimas, lacrimare A, lacrimavi, lacrimatum Verb shed tears, weep
laetus/laeta/laetum, AO Adjective happy, cheerful
latro, latras, latrare A, latravi, latratum Verb bark, bark at
lectus, lecti [m.] O Noun bed, couch, lounge, sofa, bridal bed
legatus, legati [m.] O Noun Envoy, Lieutenant, Commander
lego, legis, legere C, legi, lectum Verb read, choose, select
lente Adverb clinging, tough, slow, sluggish, lazy, procrastin…
liberus, liberi [m.] O Noun child
ludus, ludi [m.] O Noun game, school, sport, pastime, diversion
magnus/magna/magnum, AO Adjective big, great
malus/mala/malum, AO Adjective bad, evil, wicked, ugly, unlucky
mandatum, mandati [n.] O Noun order, command, commission, mandate, commandment
mane Adverb in the morning, early in the morning
maneo, manes, manere E, mansi, mansum Verb stay
mappa, mappae [f.] A Noun white cloth, napkin, handkerchief, cloth dropped …
mater, matris [f.] M Noun mother, foster mother, lady, matron, origin, sour…
maximus/maxima/maximum, AO Adjective greatest, biggest, largest, longest, oldest, high…
medius/media/medium, AO Adjective middle
mercator, mercatoris [m.] C Noun trader, merchant
metus, metus [m.] U Noun fear, dread, anxiety
miles, militis [m.] C Noun soldier
miser/misera/miserum, AO Adjective poor, miserable, wretched, unfortunate, unhappy, …
mitto, mittis, mittere C, misi, missum Verb send
mons, montis [m.] M Noun mountain
monstro, monstras, monstrare A, monstravi, monstratum Verb show
mortuus/mortua/mortuum, AO Adjective dead
multus/multa/multum, AO Adjective much, many
murus, muri [m.] O Noun wall, city wall
nam Conjunction namely, because, since, for
narro, narras, narrare A, narravi, narratum Verb tell
neco, necas, necare A, necavi, necatum Verb kill
necesse est Verb it is necessary
Nemo, Neminis [m.] M Noun no one, nobody
nolo, non vis, nolle IR, nolui, - Verb be unwilling, wish not, want not, refuse
nomen, nominis [n.] C Noun name
non Adverb not
nondum Adverb not yet
nonne Other no?, not?, not? (interog, expects the answer "Yes…
novus/nova/novum, AO Adjective new
nox, noctis [f.] M Noun night
rideo, rides, ridere E, risi, risum Verb laugh
risus, risus [m.] U Noun laughter
rogo, rogas, rogare A, rogavi, rogatum Verb ask, request, beg
Roma, Romae [f.] A Noun Rome
rota, rotae [f.] A Noun wheel (rotate)
saepe Adverb often
satis Adverb enough, adequately, sufficiently, well enough, qu…
sex Numeral six
silva, silvae [f.] A Noun forest
simulac Adverb as soon as, the moment that
simulo, simulas, simulare A, simulavi, simulatum Verb imitate, copy, pretend (to have/be), look like, s…
sollicitus/sollicita/sollicitum, AO Adjective concerned, worried, upset, troubled, disturbed, a…
sonitus, sonitus [m.] U Noun noise, loud sound
soror, sororis [f.] C Noun sister, nun
stilus, stili [m.] O Noun stylus, pencil, iron pen, column, pillar
supra Adverb on top, more, above, before, formerly
surgo, surgis, surgere C, surrexi, surrectum Verb get up, arise
tabellarius, tabellarii [m.] O Noun letter-carrier, courier
taberna, tabernae [f.] A Noun tavern, inn, wood hut/cottage, shed/hovel, stall/…
taceo, taces, tacere E, tacui, tacitum Verb be silent, leave unmentioned
tacite Adverb silent, secret
tandem Adverb finally, eventually, at last, after all
tardus/tarda/tardum, AO Adjective slow, limping, deliberate, late
tempto, temptas, temptare A, temptavi, temptatum Verb try (out)
terra, terrae [f.] A Noun land, earth
terreo, terres, terrere E, terrui, territum Verb frighten, terrify
timeo, times, timere E, timui, - Verb be scared of, fear, dread, be afraid (ne + SUB = …
tum Adverb then
turba, turbae [f.] A Noun uproar, disturbance, mob, crowd, multitude
ubi Pronoun where?, where, in what place, (time) when, whenev…
udus/uda/udum, AO Adjective wet
unus/una/unum, AO Adjective one
urbs, urbis [f.] I Noun city, town
ut Conjunction that, so that, as, like
uxor, uxoris [f.] C Noun wife
valde Adverb very, much/many
vale! valete! Phrase goodbye, good luck, goodbye! bye everyone!
vehementer Adverb violent, severe, vehement, emphatic, vigorous, li…
volo, vis, velle IR, volui, - Verb want, wish
venio, venis, venire I, veni, ventum Verb come
verbosus/verbosa/verbosum, AO Adjective verbose, copious
verto, vertis, vertere C, verti, versum Verb turn, change, advert
vestigium, vestigii [n.] O Noun step, track, trace, footstep
veto, vetas, vetare A, vetavi, vetatum Verb forbid, prohibit, reject, veto, be an obstacle to…
vexo, vexas, vexare A, vexavi, vexatum Verb shake, jolt, toss violently, annoy, trouble, hara…
via, viae [f.] A Noun street, road
viator, viatoris [m.] C Noun traveler
vicinus/vicina/vicinum, AO Adjective nearby, neighboring
video, vides, videre E, vidi, visum Verb see
vigilo, vigilas, vigilare A, vigilavi, vigilatum Verb remain awake, be awake, watch, provide for, care …
vilicus, vilici [m.] O Noun farm overseer (slave/free), estate manager, grade…
villa, villae [f.] A Noun house, mansion
vinco, vincis, vincere C, vici, victum Verb win, conquer, defeat
vinum, vini [n.] O Noun wine
vir, viri [m.] O Noun man, hero, husband
virga, virgae [f.] A Noun twig, sprout, stalk, switch, rod, staff, wand, st…
visito, visitas, visitare A, visitavi, visitatum Verb visit, call upon, see frequently/habitually
vito, vitas, vitare A, vitavi, vitatum Verb avoid, shun
voco, vocas, vocare A, vocavi, vocatum Verb shout, call
vox, vocis [f.] C Noun voice, sound, word, cry

Edit this group

Vocabulary Units Overview