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Vocable Translation
multi/multae/multa, AO Adjective much, many
absum, abes, abesse IR, afui, - Verb be absent, lack
accipio, accipis, accipere M, accepi, acceptum Verb accept, take, receive
ad Preposition (1.) to, toward, near, at, in, by, about (with nu…
adest Adverb is here, right here
adiuvo, adiuvas, adiuvare A, adiūvi, adiūtum Verb help
adparate Adverb prepared, equipped, ready, splendid, elaborate, w…
ago, agis, agere C, egi, actum Verb (1.) drive, urge, conduct, act (2.) spend (time w…
agito, agitas, agitare A, agitavi, agitatum Verb stir/drive/shake/move about, revolve, live, contr…
Agricola, Agricolae [m.] A Noun farmer, peasant
Amabo te Phrase Please
amo, amas, amare A, amavi, amatum Verb love
ambulo, ambulas, ambulare A, ambulavi, ambulatum Verb go, walk
amicus, amicae [m.] A Noun friend
appello, appellas, appellare A, appellavi, appellatum Verb call
arca, arcae [f.] A Noun box, chest, strong-box, coffer, wealth, money, co…
atrium, atrii [n.] O Noun atrium, reception hall in a Roman house, auction …
Audio, Audis, Audire I, Audivi, Auditum Verb Hear, Listen (to)
autem Conjunction (1.) however (2.) but (put after), however, moreo…
avus, avi [m.] O Noun grandfather, forefather, ancestor
bibo, bibis, bibere C, bibi, bibitum Verb drink, toast, visit, frequent (w/river name), dra…
bonus/bona/bonum, AO Adjective (1.) good, great, pleasant, favorable, valuable (…
bonus/bona/bonum, AO Adjective good, right, useful, valid, quality, healthy
calamus, calami [m.] O Noun reed, cane, reed pen, reed/pan pipe, arrow, fishi…
canis, canis [m.] M Noun dog
capio, capis, capere M, cepi, captum Verb take, seize, capture
celeriter Adverb Quickly, Quickly, fast, Schnell
cena, cenae [f.] A Noun food, meal, dinner
ceno, cenas, cenare A, cenavi, cenatum Verb eat
cibus, cibi [m.] O Noun Food, Ration
circumspecto, circumspectas, circumspectare A, circumspectavi, circumspectatum Verb look about (searchingly), search about, examine, …
clamo, clamas, clamare A, clamavi, clamatum Verb shout, call
cogito, cogitas, cogitare A, cogitavi, cogitatum Verb think
conicio, conicis, conicere M, conieci, coniectum Verb throw, put/pile together, conclude, infer, guess,…
contendo, contendis, contendere C, contendtendi, contendtentum Verb strive, struggle, contend, hasten
convenio, convenis, convenire I, convenirei, conventum Verb (1.) gather, convene, assemble, accost (2.) agree…
coquo, coquis, coquere C, coxi, coctum Verb cook, boil, fry, bake, burn, parch (sun), stir up…
coquus, coqui [m.] O Noun cook
credo, credis, credere C, credidi, creditum Verb believe, trust, trust, entrust, commit/consign, b…
cubiculum, cubiculi [n.] O Noun bedroom, sleeping chamber/apartment/suite
cujus/cuja/cujum, AO Adjective of whom?, whose?, of/to whom, whose (relative)
culina, culinae [f.] A Noun kitchen, portable kitchen, food/fare/board, cooki…
culpo, culpas, culpare A, culpavi, culpatum Verb blame, censure
cum Conjunction with, when, at the time/on each occasion/in the s…
cur Adverb why?, why, wherefore, for what reason/purpose?, o…
curro, curris, currere C, cucurri, cursum Verb run, rush, move quickly
do, das, dare A, dedi, datum Verb give, offer, grant
de (m. Abl.) Preposition about, from, over, down and away
delector, delectaris, delectari A, delectatus sum (Dep.) Verb delight, please, amuse, fascinate, charm, lure, e…
desidero, desideras, desiderare A, desideravi, desideratum Verb desire, long for, miss
deus, dei [m.] O Noun god, supreme being, statue of god
deversorie Adverb of an inn/lodging house, fit to lodge/stay in (L+…
dico, dicis, dicere C, dixi, dictum Verb say, call, tell
dictum, dicti [n.] O Noun (1.) words, utterance, remark (2.) one's word, pr…
dius Adverb by day
dormio, dormis, dormire I, dormivi, dormitum Verb sleep
duabus = dat./ablat. fem. of duo Numeral two
duco, ducis, ducere C, duxi, ductum Verb lead, guide, develop, prolong
ego, tu, - Personal Pronoun I, you, he/she/it (personal pronoun)
eius Demonstrative Pronoun His
emo, emis, emere C, emi, emptum Verb buy, purchase
emitto, emittis, emittere C, emisi, emissum Verb hurl, let go, utter, send out, drive, force, cast…
enim Conjunction namely (postpos.), indeed, in fact, for, I mean, …
epistula, epistulae [f.] A Noun letter
ergo Phrase therefore
erro, erras, errare A, erravi, erratum Verb wander, err, go astray, be mistaken
sum, es, esse IR, fui, - Verb be, exist
et Conjunction and, also
eum Demonstrative Pronoun he, this
ex, e Other out of, from within, from, by reason of, on accou…
exitus, exitus [m.] U Noun exit, death
exspecto, exspectas, exspectare A, exspectavi, exspectatum Verb expect
fabula, fabulae [f.] A Noun story, tale, play, Story
Facio, Facis, Facere C, Feci, Factum Verb (1.) make, do, accomplish; become (passive) (2.) …
facilis/facile, facilis M Adjective easy, agreeable
femina, sodes abambula, quo ammodum diu mansisti Phrase Woman, please be gone, you've stayed here much to…
femininus/feminina/femininum, AO Adjective woman's, female, feminine, proper to/typical of a…
ferociter Adverb wild, bold, warlike, cruel, defiant, arrogant
ferox, ferocis M Adjective wild, bold, warlike, cruel, defiant, arrogant
Fero, Fers, Ferre IR, Tuli, Latum Verb to bring, to carry
festino, festinas, festinare A, festinavi, festinatum Verb hasten, hurry
filius, filii [m.] O Noun son
flamma, flammae [f.] A Noun flame
fortis/forte, fortis M Adjective strong, brave, powerful, mighty, vigorous, firm, …
fortuna, fortunae [f.] A Noun luck, fortune, destiny
forum, fori [n.] O Noun marketplace, public square, forum
frater, fratris [m.] C Noun brother, cousin
fugio, fugis, fugere M, fugi, fugiturum Verb flee, fly, run away, avoid, shun, go into exile
fur Noun Thief
gens, gentis [f.] M Noun folk, nation, people, tribe, clan, Gentiles
genus, generis [n.] C Noun origin, kind, sort, class, sex, descent, race, st…
gladius, gladii [m.] O Noun sword
grammatica, grammaticae [f.] A Noun grammar, philology
gusto, gustas, gustare A, gustavi, gustatum Verb taste, sip, have some experience of, enjoy
habeo, habes, habere E, habui, habitum Verb have, hold, possess, consider, think
habito, habitas, habitare A, habitavi, habitatum Verb reside, live, dwell
heac Pronoun these
heri Adverb yesterday
heu Interjection oh! ah! alas! (an expression of dismay or pain), …
hic, haec, hoc Demonstrative Pronoun this, that
hodie Adverb today, now, at the present, nowadays
homo, hominis [m.] C Noun human
hortus, horti [m.] O Noun garden, fruit/kitchen garden, pleasure garden, pa…
hue Adverb hither, to the person speaking/indicated, so far,…
humanus/humana/humanum, AO Adjective human
iam Adverb already, (by) now, (by) then, presently
ianua, ianuae [f.] A Noun door
igitur Adverb therefore (postpositive), so/then, consequently, …
ille, illa, illud Demonstrative Pronoun that
imperium, imperii [n.] O Noun empire, authority, order, command
incido, incidis, incidere C, incidi, incasum Verb happen, fall into, fall in with, meet, fall upon,…
includo, includis, includere C, inclusi, inclusum Verb lock (into)
infans, infantis [m.] C Noun infant
ingens, ingentis M Adjective not natural, immoderate, huge, vast, enormous, mi…
inimicus, inimici [m.] O Noun (personal)enemy
insula, insulae [f.] A Noun island
intellego, intellegis, intellegere C, intellexi, intellectum Verb understand, realize, understand
intentus/intenta/intentum, AO Adjective eager/intent, closely attentive, strict, intense,…
interficio, interficis, interficere M, interfeci, interfectum Verb (1.) kill, murder, destroy, put and end to (2.) o…
intro, intras, intrare A, intravi, intratum Verb enter, go, enter, go
invenio, invenis, invenire I, inveni, inventum Verb come upon, find, discover, invent, contrive, reac…
ipse, ipsa, ipsum Demonstrative Pronoun him/her/its-self
iratus/irata/iratum, AO Adjective furious, angry, mad
eo, is, ire IR, ii, - Verb go
iudex, iudicis [m.] C Noun judge, juror
iuvenis, iuvenis [m.] M Noun young man, juvenile
laboro, laboras, laborare A, laboravi, laboratum Verb work
lacrimo, lacrimas, lacrimare A, lacrimavi, lacrimatum Verb shed tears, weep
laetus/laeta/laetum, AO Adjective happy, cheerful
laudo, laudas, laudare A, laudavi, laudatum Verb praise, commend
lego, legis, legere C, legi, lectum Verb read, choose, select, to steal, read, choose, rea…
leo, leonis [m.] C Noun (1.) lion (2.) Leo (name of several Popes), pries…
liber, libri [m.] O Noun book, volume, inner bark of a tree, book, book
libero, liberas, liberare A, liberavi, liberatum Verb (1.) to liberate, to free (2.) free, liberate (3.…
ligneus/lignea/ligneum, AO Adjective wooden, wood-, woody, like wood, tough/stringy, […
magnopere Adverb greatly, exceedingly, with great effort, very muc…
magnus/magna/magnum, AO Adjective big, great
maneo, manes, manere E, mansi, mansurum Verb stay, remain, waiting for (tr)
mare, maris [n.] I Noun sea, moon plains
masculinus/masculina/masculinum, AO Adjective masculine, of the male sex, of masculine gender (…
mater, matris [f.] C Noun mother
maximus/maxima/maximum, AO Adjective greatest, biggest, largest, longest, oldest, high…
medius/media/medium, AO Adjective middle
memento mori Phrase remember that [you will] die
memini, meministi, meminisse C, -, - Verb remember
mensa, mensae [f.] A Noun table, dining, dish, course
mercator, mercatoris [m.] C Noun trader, merchant
meus/mea/meum, AO Adjective my
mitto, mittis, mittere C, misi, missum Verb send
mons, montis [m.] M Noun mountain
morior, moreris, mori M, mortuus sum (Dep.) Verb die
mortus Adjective Is dead
murus, muri [m.] O Noun wall, city wall
nam Conjunction namely, because, since, for
narro, narras, narrare A, narravi, narratum Verb tell
nauta, nautae [m.] A Noun sailor
navigo, navigas, navigare A, navigavi, navigatum Verb sail, navigate
navis, navis [f.] M Noun boat, ship
neco, necas, necare A, necavi, necatum Verb kill
nepos, nepotis [m.] C Noun grandson, descendant
nihil Pronoun nothing
nomen, nominis [m.] C Noun name
noster/nostra/nostrum, AO Adjective our, ours
notus/nota/notum, AO Adjective famous, known, noted, popular
nubes, nubis [f.] C Noun cloud
nunc Adverb now, at present
nuntio, nuntias, nuntiare A, nuntiavi, nuntiatum Verb report, announce
nuntius, nuntii [m.] M Noun envoy, messenger, message
olim Adverb formerly, once, once upon a time, in the future, …
omne, omnis [n.] M Noun all things (pl.), everything, a/the whole, entity…
oraculum, oraculi [n.] O Noun oracle
orno, ornas, ornare A, ornavi, ornatum Verb adorn, decorate
ostendeo, ostendes, ostendere E, ostendi, - Verb show, reveal, make clear, point out, display, exh…
Parvus/Parva/Parvum, Parvi M Adjective small, little
pater, patris [m.] C Noun father
pax, pacis [f.] C Noun peace
pecunia, pecuniae [f.] A Noun money
penna, pennae [f.] A Noun feather, wing
per Preposition through, by, along
pes, ped-is [m.] C Noun foot
Petio, Petis, Petire I, Petivi, Petitum Verb go, attack, ask for
pilleus, pillei [m.] O Noun felt cap (worn at Saturnalia/by manumited slaves)…
placeo, places, placere E, placui, placitum Verb please, satisfy, be pleasing
plaudo, plaudis, plaudere C, plausi, plausum Verb clap, strike (w/flat hand), pat, beat (wings), ap…
pleo, ples, plere E, plevi, pletum Verb to fill
poeta, poetae [m.] A Noun poet
porta, portae [f.] A Noun door, portal
porto, portas, portare A, portavi, portatum Verb Carry, bring
post, prep. + acc Preposition after, behind
postquam Conjunction after
prendo, prendis, prendere C, prendi, prensum Verb catch/capture, take hold of/possession of/in hand…
primus/prima/primum, AO Adjective first, foremost, chief, principal
prope Preposition close to, near, Near
propter Preposition on account of, Because of
puella, puellae [f.] A Noun girl
puer, pueri [m.] O Noun boy, children (plural)
pugno, pugnas, pugnare A, pugnavi, pugnatum Verb fight, battle
pulso, pulsas, pulsare A, pulsavi, pulsatum Verb beat, pulsate
puto, putas, putare A, putavi, putatum Verb think, clean, trim, reckon, suppose, judge, think…
quaero, quaeris, quaerere C, quaesivi, quaesitum Verb search, research, ask
quam Pronoun (1.) like, how, how much, as, than, [quam + super…
quis, quid Pronoun who, what
quod Conjunction (1.) for the reason that, due to the fact that, a…
rapio, rapis, rapere M, rapui, raptum Verb seize, snatch, carry away
regina, reginae [f.] A Noun queen
res, rei [f.] E Noun thing, matter, business, affair
respondeo, respondes, respondere E, respondi, responsum Verb respond, answer
rideo, rides, ridere E, risi, risum Verb laugh
rogo, rogas, rogare A, rogavi, rogatum Verb ask, request, beg
saccharum, sacchari [n.] O Noun sugar
saepe, saepius, saepissime Adverb often
sal, salis [m.] I Noun (1.) salt (2.) wit
saluto, salutas, salutare A, salutavi, salutatum Verb greet, wish well, visit, hail, salute
salve Interjection Hello!, Hi!, Good day!, G'day!
sanguis, sanguinis [m.] C Noun blood
satio, satias, satiare A, satiavi, satiatum Verb satisfy, sate
satus/sata/satum, AO Adjective sprung (from), native, enough
scribo, scribis, scribere C, scripsi, scriptum Verb write
secundus/secunda/secundum, AO Adjective next, following, second, substituted, secondary/i…
sed Conjunction but
sedeo, sedes, sedere E, sedi, sessum Verb sit
semper Adverb (1.) always (2.) always, Always (3.) always
senatorius/senatoria/senatorium, AO Adjective of a senator, senatorial
Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) Phrase The Senate and the People of Rome
senex, senis [m.] C Noun old man
sentio, sentis, sentire I, sensi, sensum Verb feel, perceive, think, experience
seruus, serui [m.] O Noun slave, slaves (male)
servo, servas, servare A, servavi, servatum Verb preserve, save, keep, guard
servus, servi [m.] O Noun slave, servant
signum, signi [n.] O Noun (1.) signal, sign (2.) standard
silva, silvae [f.] A Noun forest
sinus, sinus [m.] U Noun curved or bent surface, bending, curve, fold, bos…
solus/sola/solum, AO Adjective alone, only, the only
specto, spectas, spectare A, spectavi, spectatum Verb watch, look
sto, stas, stare A, steti, statum Verb stand, stand still, stand firm, remain, rest
stilus, stili [m.] O Noun stylus, pencil, iron pen, column, pillar
subito Adv. Adverb Suddenly
sumo, sumis, sumere C, sumpsi, sumptum Verb take
supero, superas, superare A, superavi, superatum Verb beat, defeat, exceed, overcome, conquer, surpass
surgo, surgis, surgere C, surrexi, surrectum Verb get up, arise
suus/sua/suum, AO Adjective his own, her own, its own, their own
tablinum, tablini [n.] O Noun terrace, archive, gallery
taceo, taces, tacere E, tacui, tacitum Verb be silent, leave unmentioned
tacite Adverb silent, secret
taenia, taeniae [f.] A Noun ribbon, tape, band, film, movie (Red)
tamen Conjunction nevertheless, however, still, despite, yet, notwi…
tandem Adverb finally, eventually, at last, after all, Finally,…
tempestas, tempestatis [f.] C Noun (1.) period of time, season (2.) weather, storm
templum, templi [n.] O Noun temple
terra, terrae [f.] A Noun land, earth
terreo, terres, terrere E, terrui, territum Verb frighten, terrify
territus/territa/territum, AO Adjective frightened, terrified
timeo, times, timere E, timui, - Verb be scared of, fear, dread, be afraid (ne + SUB = …
toga, togae [f.] A Noun toga
totalis/totale, totalis M Adjective total, entire
totus/tota/totum, AO Adjective whole, entire
trado, tradis, tradere C, tradidi, traditum Verb hand over, surrender, deliver, bequeath, relate
tres Numeral three
triclinium, triclinii [n.] O Noun dining couch, dining room
tum Adverb then, at that time
tunica, tunicae [f.] A Noun undergarment, shirt, tunic
turba, turbae [f.] A Noun uproar, disturbance, mob, crowd, multitude
tuus/tua/tuum, AO Adjective your
ubi Pronoun (1.) where?, where, in what place, (time) when, w…
umbro, umbras, umbrare A, umbravi, umbratum Verb cast a shadow on, shade
unus/una/unum, AO Adjective one, single, alone
urbs, urbs [f.] M Noun city, villa
valde Adverb (1.) very, much/many, Very (2.) strongly
valles, vallis [f.] M Noun valley, vale, hollow
volo, vis, velle IR, volui, - Verb want, wish
vendo, vendis, vendere C, vendidi, venditum Verb sell
veni, vidi, vici Phrase I came, I saw, I conquered
venio, venis, venire I, veni, ventum Verb come
via, viae [f.] A Noun street, road, path, way
video, vides, videre E, vidi, visum Verb (1.) see (2.) Seem
villa, villae [f.] A Noun house, mansion
vinco, vincis, vincere C, vici, victum Verb win, conquer, defeat
vinum, vini [n.] O Noun wine
vir, viri [m.] O Noun man
vito, vitas, vitare A, vitavi, vitatum Verb avoid, shun
voco, vocas, vocare A, vocavi, vocatum Verb (1.) shout, call (2.) summon (3.) name
volo, volas, volare A, volavi, volatum Verb fly, wish, want
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Vocabulary Units Overview