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Vocable Translation
adiuvo, adiuvas, adiuvare A, adiuvi, adiutum Verb to help
adolesco, adolescis, adolescere C, adolevi, adultum Verb grow up, mature, reach manhood/peak, become estab…
affero, affers, afferre IR, attuli, allatum Verb bring
ago, agis, agere C, egi, actum Verb (1.) drive, urge, conduct, act (2.) spend (time w…
animadverto, animadvertis, animadvertere C, animadverti, animadversum Verb pay attention to, attend to, notice, observe, jud…
aperio, aperis, aperire I, aperui, apertum Verb open, appear
arcesso, arcessis, arcessere C, arcessivi, arcessitum Verb send for, summon, indict, fetch, import, invite, …
ardeo, ardes, ardere E, arsi, arsum Verb be on fire, burn, blaze, flash, glow, sparkle, ra…
arguo, arguis, arguere C, argui, argutum Verb prove, argue, allege, disclose, accuse, complain …
ascendo, ascendis, ascendere C, ascendi, ascensum Verb climb, go/climb up, mount, scale, mount up, embar…
aspicio, aspicis, aspicere M, aspexi, aspectum Verb look/gaze on/at, see, observe, behold, regard, fa…
assequor, assequeris, assequi C, assecutus sum (Dep.) Verb follow on, pursue, go after, overtake, gain, achi…
assuesco, assuescis, assuescere C, assuevi, assuetum Verb accustom, become/grow accustomed to/used to/intim…
audeo, audes, audere E, ausus sum, ausum Verb dare, risk
audio, audis, audire I, audivi, auditum Verb hear, listen to, to Hear, to Listen
aufero, aufers, auferre IR, abstuli, ablatum Verb to take away, carry away, steal
augeo, auges, augere E, auxi, auctum Verb enlarge, extend, increase
bibo, bibis, bibere C, bibi, bibitum Verb drink, toast, visit, frequent (w/river name), dra…
cado, cadis, cadere C, cecidi, casum Verb fall, sink, drop, plummet, topple, be slain, die,…
caedo, caedis, caedere C, cecidi, caesum Verb cut, hew, cut down, fell, beat
cano, canis, canere C, cecini, cantum Verb sing
capio, capis, capere M, cepi, captum Verb take, seize, capture
capesso, capessis, capessere C, capessivi, capessitum Verb grasp, take, seize eagerly, undertake, manage, pu…
carpo, carpis, carpere C, carpsi, carptum Verb harvest, pluck, seize
caveo, caves, cavere E, cavi, cautum Verb beware, avoid, take precautions/defensive action,…
cedo, cedis, cedere C, cessi, cessum Verb run, go, pass (from/away), withdraw, retire. leav…
cerno, cernis, cernere C, crevi, cretum Verb distinguish, discern, perceive
claudo, claudis, claudere C, clausi, clausum Verb shut, close, limp, stumble/falter/hesitate, be we…
cogo, cogis, cogere C, coegi, coactum Verb force, gather
colo, colis, colere C, colui, cultum Verb live in (place), inhabit, till, cultivate, promot…
colligo, colligis, colligere C, collegi, collectum Verb collect, assemble, bring/gather/hold/keep togethe…
colloquor, colloqueris, colloqui C, collocutus sum (Dep.) Verb talk, speak to/with, talk together/over, converse…
comperio, comperis, comperire I, comperi, compertum Verb learn/discover/find (by investigation), verify/kn…
condo, condis, condere C, condidi, conditum Verb establish, found, put together
confero, confers, conferre IR, contuli, collatum Verb bring together
confido, confidis, confidere C, confisus sum, confisum Verb believe, trust
confligo, confligis, confligere C, conflixi, conflictum Verb clash, collide, contend/fight/combat, be in confl…
confluo, confluis, confluere C, confluxi, - Verb to flow or run together, to meet
conscisco, consciscis, consciscere C, conscivi, conscitum Verb ordain/decree/determine/resolve, decide/inflict o…
consero, conseris, conserere C, consevi, consitum Verb sow, plant, sow, plant, sow, plant
consisto, consistis, consistere C, constiti, - Verb gather
consulo, consulis, consulere C, consului, consultum Verb interview, survey, consult
contendo, contendis, contendere C, contendi, contentum Verb stretch, draw tight, make taut, draw/bend (bow/ca…
coquo, coquis, coquere C, coxi, coctum Verb cook, boil, fry, bake, burn, parch (sun), stir up…
corrigo, corrigis, corrigere C, correxi, correctum Verb correct, set right, straighten, improve, edit, re…
corrumpo, corrumpis, corrumpere C, corrupi, corruptum Verb spoil, rot, taint, contaminate, damage, ruin, und…
credo, credis, credere C, credidi, creditum Verb trust, entrust, commit/consign, believe, trust in…
cresco, crescis, crescere C, crevi, cretum Verb increase, come forth/to be, arise/spring (from), …
cupio, cupis, cupere M, cupivi, cupitum Verb desire, wish, long for
curro, curris, currere C, cucurri, cursum Verb run, rush, move quickly
do, das, dare A, dedi, datum Verb give, offer
defendo, defendis, defendere C, defendi, defensum Verb ward off, defend, protect
defero, defers, deferre IR, detuli, delatum Verb take away
deleo, deles, delere E, delevi, deletum Verb destroy, wipe out, erase
demo, demis, demere C, dempsi, demptum Verb take/cut away/off, remove, withdraw, subtract, ta…
depono, deponis, deponere C, deposui, depositum Verb lay, set, put, entrust, deposit
desino, desinis, desinere C, desii, desitum Verb cease
destringo, destringis, destringere C, destrinxi, destrictum Verb strip off, remove by cutting, strip (clothes), sc…
dico, dicis, dicere C, dixi, dictum Verb say, call, tell
differo, differis, differre C, distuli, dilatum Verb give way
diffido, diffidis, diffidere C, diffisus sum, diffisum Verb distrust, despair
diligo, diligis, diligere C, dilexi, dilectum Verb esteem, love
dilucesco, dilucescis, dilucescere C, diluxi, - Verb dawn, become/grow light, begin to shine (L+S), sh…
disco, discis, discere C, didici, - Verb learn
dissero, disseris, disserere C, disserui, dissertum Verb discuss
divido, dividis, dividere C, divisi, divisum Verb divide
domo, domas, domare A, domui, domitum Verb subdue, master, tame, conquer
duco, ducis, ducere C, duxi, ductum Verb lead, guide, develop
effero, effers, efferre IR, extuli, elatum Verb carry from
emo, emis, emere C, emi, emptum Verb buy, purchase
erigo, erigis, erigere C, erexi, erectum Verb raise, erect, build, rouse, excite, stimulate
expello, expellis, expellere C, expuli, expulsum Verb drive out, expel, banish, disown, reject
experior, experiris, experiri I, expertus sum (Dep.) Verb try, test, experience
facio, facis, facere M, feci, factum Verb do, make, handle
fallo, fallis, fallere C, fefelli, falsum Verb deceive, slip by, disappoint, be mistaken, beguil…
faveo, faves, favere E, favi, fautum Verb promote, favour, prefer
fero, fers, ferre IR, tuli, latum Verb (1.) bear, carry, bring (2.) suffer, endure, tole…
fido, fidis, fidere C, fisus sum, fisum Verb trust, rely on
fingo, fingis, fingere C, finxi, fictum Verb mold, form, shape, create, invent, produce, imagi…
flecto, flectis, flectere C, flexi, flexum Verb bend, curve, bow, turn, curl, persuade, prevail o…
fleo, fles, flere E, flevi, fletum Verb weep
frango, frangis, frangere C, fregi, fractum Verb break, shatter, crush, dishearten, subdue, weaken…
frico, fricas, fricare A, fricui, frictum Verb rub, chafe
fruor, frueris, frui C, fructus sum (Dep.) Verb enjoy (proceeds/socially/sexually), profit by, de…
fugio, fugis, fugere M, fugi, - Verb flee
fundo, fundis, fundere C, fudi, fusum Verb pour, cast (metals), scatter, shed, rout
fungor, fungeris, fungi C, functus sum (Dep.) Verb perform, execute, discharge (duty), be engaged in…
gaudeo, gaudes, gaudere E, gavisus sum, gavisum Verb rejoice, take pleasure in
gero, geris, gerere C, gessi, gestum Verb carry, carry on, manage, conduct, accomplish, per…
gradior, gradieris, gradii C, gressus sum (Dep.) Verb walk, step, take steps, go, advance
haereo, haeres, haerere E, haesi, haesum Verb stick, adhere, cling to, hesitate, be in difficul…
haurio, hauris, haurire I, hausi, haustum Verb draw up/out, drink, swallow, drain, exhaust
iacio, iacis, iacere M, ieci, iactum Verb throw, cast, hurl, lay, scatter, diffuse, skid
incendo, incendis, incendere C, incendi, incensum Verb to set fire to, kindle, burn, set on fire, set fi…
incipio, incipis, incipere M, incepi, inceptum Verb begin, start, undertake
incolo, incolis, incolere C, incolui, - Verb cultivate, inhabit, reside
induo, induis, induere C, indui, indutum Verb put on, clothe, cover, dress oneself in, [se indu…
infero, infers, inferre IR, intuli, illatum Verb carry in
intellego, intellegis, intellegere C, intellexi, intellectum Verb understand, realize, understand
invado, invadis, invadere C, invasi, invasum Verb enter, attempt, invade, take possession of, attac…
involvo, involvis, involvere C, involvi, involutum Verb wrap (in), cover, envelop, roll along
iubeo, iubes, iubere E, iussi, iussum Verb command, order, require
iungo, iungis, iungere C, iunxi, iunctum Verb connect
iuvo, iuvas, iuvare A, iuvi, iutum Verb help, aid, assist, please
iuvenesco, iuvenescis, iuvenescere C, iuvenui, - Verb grow young again
labor, laberis, labi C, lapsus sum (Dep.) Verb slip, slip and fall, slide, glide, drop, perish, …
lego, legis, legere C, legi, lectum Verb read, choose, select, to steal
loquor, loqueris, loqui C, locutus sum (Dep.) Verb say, speak, tell
ludo, ludis, ludere C, lusi, lusum Verb trick, play
malo, mavis, malle IR, malui, - Verb prefer, want more or instead
maneo, manes, manere E, mansi, mansum Verb stay
mergo, mergis, mergere C, mersi, mersum Verb dip, plunge, immerse, sink, drown, bury, overwhelm
meto, metis, metere C, messem feci, messum Verb reap, harvest
metuo, metuis, metuere C, metui, - Verb fear, dread
mitto, mittis, mittere C, misi, missum Verb send
molo, molis, molere C, molui, molitum Verb grind
moneo, mones, monere E, monui, monitum Verb urge, warn
mordeo, mordes, mordere E, momordi, morsum Verb bite, sting, hurt, pain, vex, criticize, carp at,…
morior, moreris, mori M, mortuus sum (Dep.) Verb die
moveo, moves, movere E, movi, motum Verb move, arouse, affect
nascor, nasceris, nasci C, natus sum (Dep.) Verb (1.) be born (2.) spring forth, arise
neglego, neglegis, neglegere C, neglexi, neglectum Verb disregard, neglect, ignore, regard of no conseque…
nitor, niteris, niti C, nixus sum (Dep.) Verb press/lean upon, struggle, advance, depend on (wi…
nolo, non vis, nolle IR, nolui, - Verb be unwilling, wish not, want not, refuse
nosco, noscis, noscere C, novi, notum Verb get to know, learn, find out, become cognizant of…
obliviscor, oblivisceris, oblivisci C, oblitus sum (Dep.) Verb forget, smear
occido, occidis, occidere C, occidi, occisum Verb kill, murder, slaughter, slay, cut/knock down, we…
offendo, offendis, offendere C, offendi, offensum Verb offend, give offense (to), displease, annoy, vex,…
offero, offers, offerre IR, obtuli, oblatum Verb offer
oppeto, oppetis, oppetere C, oppetivi, oppetitum Verb meet, encounter, perish
opprimo, opprimis, opprimere C, oppressi, oppressum Verb suppress, overwhelm, overpower, check
orior, oriris, oriri I, ortus sum (Dep.) Verb rise (sun/river), arise/emerge, crop up, get up (…
orno, ornas, ornare A, ornavi, ornatum Verb adorn, decorate
ostendo, ostendis, ostendere C, ostendi, ostentum Verb exhibit, show, display
parco, parcis, parcere C, peperci, parsurum Verb be lenient, spare
pario, paris, parere M, peperi, partum Verb bear, give birth to, beget, bring forth, produce,…
pasco, pascis, pascere C, pavi, pastum Verb feed, feed on, graze
patior, pateris, pati M, passus sum (Dep.) Verb suffer, endure, permit
pello, pellis, pellere C, pepuli, pulsum Verb to chase away, to expel, slap, thrust, bump, beat…
pendeo, pendes, pendere E, pependi, - Verb hang, hang down, depend, [~ ab ore => hang upon t…
perdo, perdis, perdere C, perdidi, perditum Verb ruin, destroy, lose, waste
perfero, perfers, perferre IR, pertuli, perlatum Verb bear, carry, convey
pergo, pergis, pergere C, perrexi, perrectum Verb go on, proceed
peto, petis, petere C, petivi, petitum Verb to seek, head for, rush at
pingo, pingis, pingere C, pinxi, pictum Verb paint, tint, color, adorn/decorate w/colored desi…
pleo, ples, plere E, plevi, pletum Verb to fill
pono, ponis, ponere C, posui, positum Verb put, place, set, to put
posco, poscis, poscere C, poposci, - Verb ask, demand
potior, potiris, potiri I, potitus sum (Dep.) Verb obtain, acquire, grasp, attain, reach (goal), com…
praesto, praestas, praestare A, praestiti, praestitum Verb (1.) excel (2.) exhibit, show, offer, supply, fur…
prehendo, prehendis, prehendere C, prehendi, prehensum Verb catch, capture, take hold of/possession of/in han…
premo, premis, premere C, pressi, pressum Verb push, beset, oppress
profero, profers, proferre IR, protuli, prolatum Verb carry forward, bring out, quote
proficiscor, proficisceris, proficisci C, profectus sum (Dep.) Verb set out, start, proceed, leave, make move, go, tr…
prospicio, prospicis, prospicere M, prospexi, prospectum Verb foresee, see far off, watch for, provide for, loo…
protego, protegis, protegere C, protexi, protectum Verb cover, protect
quaero, quaeris, quaerere C, quaesivi, quaesitum Verb search, research, ask
quatio, quatis, quatere M, -, quassum Verb shake
queror, quereris, queri C, questus sum (Dep.) Verb complain, lament
quiesco, quiescis, quiescere C, quievi, quietum Verb rest, keep quiet/calm, be at peace/rest, be inact…
rapio, rapis, rapere M, rapui, raptum Verb seize, snatch, carry away
refero, refers, referre IR, retuli, relatum Verb bring back, return
rego, regis, regere C, rexi, rectum Verb rule
relinquo, relinquis, relinquere C, reliqui, relictum Verb leave behind, leave, abandon, desert
reperio, reperis, reperire I, repperi, repertum Verb find, discover, learn, get
rescindo, rescindis, rescindere C, rescidi, rescissum Verb cut out, cut down, destroy, annul, rescind
respondeo, respondes, respondere E, respondi, responsum Verb respond, answer
rideo, rides, ridere E, risi, risum Verb laugh
rumpo, rumpis, rumpere C, rupi, ruptum Verb break, destroy
sapio, sapis, sapere M, sapivi, - Verb taste of, understand, have sense
scribo, scribis, scribere C, scripsi, scriptum Verb write
sedeo, sedes, sedere E, sedi, sessum Verb sit
sentio, sentis, sentire I, sensi, sensum Verb feel, perceive, think, experience
sepelio, sepelis, sepelire I, sepelivi, sepultum Verb bury/inter, submerge, overcome, suppress, ruin
sequor, sequeris, sequi C, secutus sum (Dep.) Verb follow
sero, seris, serere C, serui, sertum Verb wreath, join, entwine, interweave, bind together,…
sero, seris, serere C, sevi, satum Verb sow, plant, strew, scatter, spread, cultivate, be…
sino, sinis, sinere C, sivi, situm Verb allow, permit
soleo, soles, solere E, solitus sum, solitum Verb I am used to
solvo, solvis, solvere C, solvi, solutum Verb to loosen, unbind, unfasten, unfetter, untie, rel…
sperno, spernis, spernere C, sprevi, spretum Verb scorn, despise, spurn
sto, stas, stare A, steti, statum Verb stand, stand still, stand firm
statuo, statuis, statuere C, statui, statutum Verb set up, establish, set, place, build, decide, thi…
struo, struis, struere C, struxi, structum Verb build, construct
sumo, sumis, sumere C, sumpsi, sumptum Verb take
surgo, surgis, surgere C, surrexi, surrectum Verb get up, arise
tango, tangis, tangere C, tetigi, tactum Verb touch, strike, border on, influence, mention
tero, teris, terere C, trivi, tritum Verb rub, wear away, wear out, tread
tollo, tollis, tollere C, sustuli, sublatum Verb raise, lift up, take away, remove, destroy
tondeo, tondes, tondere E, totondi, tonsum Verb cut, shear, clip
trado, tradis, tradere C, tradidi, traditum Verb hand over, surrender, deliver, bequeath, relate
traho, trahis, trahere C, traxi, tractum Verb draw, drag, derive, assume, acquire, influence, c…
tribuo, tribuis, tribuere C, tribui, tributum Verb divide, assign, present, grant, allot, bestow, at…
tueor, tueris, tueri E, tuitus sum (Dep.) Verb see, look at, protect, watch, uphold
uro, uris, urere C, ussi, ustum Verb burn
urgeo, urges, urgere E, ursi, - Verb press, squeeze, bear hard/down, tread, traverse c…
utor, uteris, uti C, usus sum (Dep.) Verb (1.) use (2.) enjoy, experience
veho, vehis, vehere C, vexi, vectum Verb bear, carry, convey, pass, ride, sail
volo, vis, velle IR, volui, - Verb want, wish
venio, venis, venire I, veni, ventum Verb come
verto, vertis, vertere C, verti, versum Verb turn, change, advert
vescor, vesceris, vesci C, - (Dep.) Verb feed on, eat, enjoy (with ABL)
video, vides, videre E, vidi, visum Verb see
vinco, vincis, vincere C, vici, victum Verb win, conquer, defeat
vincio, vincis, vincire I, vinxi, vinctum Verb bind, fetter, restrain
vivo, vivis, vivere C, vixi, victum Verb be alive, live, survive, reside
voveo, voves, vovere E, vovi, votum Verb vow, dedicate, consecrate
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Vocabulary Units Overview