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Vocable Translation
accuso, accusas, accusare A, accusavi, accusatum Verb accuse, indict
actor, actoris [m.] C Noun actor, performer, doer, advocate, plaintiff, agen…
aestas, aestatis [f.] C Noun summer
ago, agis, agere C, egi, actum Verb (1.) drive, urge, conduct, act (2.) spend (time w…
Agricola, Agricolae [m.] A Noun farmer, peasant
altus/alta/altum, AO Adjective high, deep/profound, shrill, lofty/noble, deep ro…
amo, amas, amare A, amavi, amatum Verb love
amicus, amici [m.] O Noun friend (m.)
animus, animi [m.] O Noun sense, mind, bravery, soul, spirit, courage
ante Preposition before, previously, first, before this, earlier, …
antiquus/antiqua/antiquum, AO Adjective ancient, old-time, antique
arma, armorum [n.] O (Pl.) Noun weapons
audio, audis, audire I, audivi, auditum Verb hear, listen to, to Hear, to Listen
aut Conjunction (1.) (2.) or (3.) or, either... or (4.) or, eith…
autem Conjunction but (put after), however
bellum, belli [n.] O Noun war
bonus, boni [m.] O Noun good/moral/honest/brave man, man of honor, gentle…
bonus/bona/bonum, AO Adjective (1.) good, great, pleasant, favorable, valuable (…
caelus, caeli [m.] O Noun heaven, sky, heavens, space, air, climate, weathe…
caesar, caesaris [m.] C Noun Caesar
capio, capis, capere M, cepi, captum Verb take, seize, capture
casus, casus [m.] U Noun case
causa, causae [f.] A Noun reason, cause, case, situation
cedo, cedis, cedere C, cessi, cessum Verb go, withdraw, yield to, grant, submit
civis, civis [m.] I Noun citizen, fellow citizen
communis/commune, communis M Adjective common, general, of the community, for the commun…
confessio, confessionis [f.] C Noun confession, creed, avowal of belief/faith, acknow…
continuus/continua/continuum, AO Adjective incessant/unremitting, constantly repeated/recurr…
contra Preposition (1.) against, facing, face-to-face, in the eyes, …
cum Conjunction with, when, at the time/on each occasion/in the s…
cura, curae [f.] A Noun care, attention, caution, anxiety
damno, damnas, damnare A, damnavi, damnatum Verb pass, pronounce judgment, find guilty, deliver, c…
do, das, dare A, dedi, datum Verb give, offer
de Preposition down, away from, from, off, about, of, concerning…
delictum, delicti [n.] O Noun fault/offense/misdeed/crime/transgression, sin, a…
delinquo, delinquis, delinquere C, deliqui, delictum Verb fail (duty), be wanting/lacking, fall short, offe…
deus, dei [m.] O Noun god
dico, dicis, dicere C, dixi, dictum Verb say, call, tell
dies, diei [m.] E Noun Day, Diary
dolus, doli [m.] O Noun trick, device, deceit, treachery, trickery, cunni…
dominus, domini [m.] O Noun mister, gentleman, lord
domus, domus [f.] U Noun house, home (NB 3 special uses and endings: domi …
ecce Interjection behold!, see!, look!, there!, here! [ecce eum => …
sum, es, esse IR, fui, - Verb be, exist
et Conjunction and, also
ex Preposition (1.) from, out of, of (2.) From, Out of
fabula, fabulae [f.] A Noun story, tale, play, Story
facio, facis, facere M, feci, factum Verb do
fero, fers, ferre IR, tuli, latum Verb (1.) bear, carry, bring (2.) suffer, endure, tole…
fides, fidei [f.] E Noun faith, trust, confidence, Faith, Confidence
filius, filii [m.] O Noun son
finio, finis, finire I, finivi, finitum Verb limit, end, finish, determine, define, mark out t…
floreo, flores, florere E, florui, floritum Verb blossom, bloom
forum, fori [n.] O Noun marketplace
fugio, fugis, fugere M, fugi, - Verb flee
gaudium, gaudii [n.] O Noun happiness, joy
gratia, gratiae [f.] A Noun thanks
gratus/grata/gratum, AO Adjective pleasing, acceptable, agreeable, welcome, dear, b…
gravis/grave, gravis M Adjective heavy, heavily
hic Adverb here
hiems, hiemis [f.] C Noun winter
humanus/humana/humanum, AO Adjective human
iam Adverb already, now
ignis, ignis [m.] C Noun fire
immortalis/immortale, immortalis M Adjective not subject to death, immortal
impero, imperas, imperare A, imperavi, imperatum Verb command, rule
imperator, imperatoris [m.] C Noun imperator, commander/general, emperor
incola, incolae [m.] A Noun Inhabitant
inter Preposition (1.) between (2.) in between, among themselves
eo, is, ire IR, ii, - Verb go
iubeo, iubes, iubere E, iussi, iussum Verb command, order, require
iudico, iudicas, iudicare A, iudicavi, iudicatum Verb judge, consider, give judgment, sentence, conclud…
Latinus/Latina/Latinum, AO Adjective latin
legatum, legati [n.] O Noun bequest, legacy
lex, legis [f.] C Noun law, statute, motion, bill, principle, condition
liber, libri [m.] O Noun book, volume, inner bark of a tree
liber/libera/liberum, AO Adjective free (man), unimpeded, void of, independent, outs…
libero, liberas, liberare A, liberavi, liberatum Verb free, liberate
locus, loci [m.] O Noun place, location
magister, magistri [m.] O Noun teacher
malus, mali [f.] O Noun bad
malus/mala/malum, AO Adjective bad
manus, manus [f.] U Noun hand, band (of men)
mare, maris [n.] I Noun sea, moon plains
mater, matris [f.] C Noun mother
moror, moraris, morari A, moratus sum (Dep.) Verb delay, stay, stay behind, devote attention to
morior, moreris, mori M, mortuus sum (Dep.) Verb die
mors, mortis [f.] C Noun death
moveo, moves, movere E, movi, motum Verb move, arouse, affect
natura, naturae [f.] A Noun nature
Nemo, Neminis [m.] M Noun no one, nobody
nihil Pronoun nothing
nobilis/nobile, nobilis M Adjective noble, well born, aristocratic, outstanding (in r…
nomen, nominis [n.] C Noun name, Name, Name, name, name
nox, noctis [f.] M Noun night
nunc Adverb now, at present
obligo, obligas, obligare A, obligavi, obligatum Verb bind, oblige
oculus, oculi [m.] O Noun eye
omnis/omne, omnis M Adjective every, everyone, everybody, complete
oppidum, oppidi [n.] O Noun town, city
opto, optas, optare A, optavi, optatum Verb choose, select, wish, wish for, desire
opus, operis [n.] C Noun work, achievement, oeuvre
pactum, pacti [n.] O Noun bargain, agreement, manner
pars, partis [f.] M Noun Part, Piece
per Preposition through, by, along
periculum, periculi [n.] O Noun danger, risk
pius/pia/pium, AO Adjective dutiful, pious, devout
poeta, poetae [m.] A Noun poet
populus, populi [m.] O Noun population, people, nation, State, public/populac…
possum, potes, posse IR, potui, - Verb be able, can
post Preposition (1.) behind, afterwards, after (2.) after (3.) af…
postquam Conjunction after
pratus, pratus [m.] U Noun meadow, meadowland, meadow grass/crop, broad expa…
primus/prima/primum, AO Adjective first, foremost, chief, principal
publicus/publica/publicum, AO Adjective public, (res, rei) ( Publica ae) = state, governm…
puer, pueri [m.] O Noun boy, children (plural)
pulcher/pulchra/pulchrum, AO Adjective beautiful, pretty
puto, putas, putare A, putavi, putatum Verb think, clean, trim, reckon, suppose, judge, think…
quamquam Conjunction though, although, yet, nevertheless, also
quod Conjunction because (of), with respect to which
recordor, recordaris, recordari A, recordatus sum (Dep.) Verb think over, call to mind, remember
repentinus/repentina/repentinum, AO Adjective sudden, hasty, unexpected
reus, rei [m.] O Noun party in law suit, plaintiff/defendant, culprit/g…
rex, regis [m.] C Noun king
Romanus/Romana/Romanum, AO Adjective roman, Roman
saevitia, saevitiae [f.] A Noun rage, fierceness, ferocity, cruelty, barbarity, v…
scio, scis, scire I, scivi, scitum Verb know
sed Conjunction but, but
semper Adverb always, Always
sequor, sequeris, sequi C, secutus sum (Dep.) Verb follow
sereno, serenas, serenare A, serenavi, serenatum Verb (1.) make clear, brighten (2.) cheer up, soothe
servus, servi [m.] O Noun slave, servant
si Conjunction if, If
signum, signi [n.] O Noun sign
sileo, siles, silere E, silui, - Verb be silent, not to speak (about), be quiet, not to…
similis/simile, similis M Adjective like, similar, resembling
sol, solis [m.] C Noun sun
studeo, studes, studere E, studui, - Verb direct one's zeal, be eager for, study
superus/supera/superum, AO Adjective above, upper, high
teneo, tenes, tenere E, tenui, tentum Verb hold
tristis/triste, tristis M Adjective sad, sorrowful, joyless, grim, severe
urbs, urbis [f.] M Noun city, town
utor, uteris, uti C, usus sum (Dep.) Verb (1.) use (2.) enjoy, experience
volo, vis, velle IR, volui, - Verb want, wish
ver, veris [n.] C Noun spring, spring-time of life, youth, [ver sacrum =…
vereor, vereris, vereri E, vertus sum (Dep.) Verb (1.) show reverence for, respect (2.) be afraid o…
veritas, veritatis [f.] C Noun truth
video, vides, videre E, vidi, visum Verb see
vincio, vincis, vincire I, vinxi, vinctum Verb bind, fetter, restrain
vinum, vini [n.] O Noun wine
vir, viri [m.] O Noun man, hero, husband
virgo, virginis [f.] C Noun girl
virtus, virtutis [f.] C Noun bravery, fortitude, virtue
virus, viri [n.] O Noun venom (sg.), poisonous secretion of snakes/creatu…
vita, vitae [f.] A Noun Life
vox, vocis [f.] C Noun voice, voice, sound, word, cry
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Vocabulary Units Overview