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Vocable Translation
a, ab Preposition from, away from, by, (+ abl.) away from, (+ anima…
abacus, abaci [m.] O Noun small table for cruets, credence, shelf/niche nea…
abhinc Adverb (1.) since, ago, in past, from this time, hencefo…
accido, accidis, accidere C, accidi, - Verb fall upon/down/to/at or near, descend, alight, ha…
accipio, accipis, accipere M, accepi, acceptum Verb accept, take, receive
acerbus/acerba/acerbum, AO Adjective harsh, bitter, grievous
acetabulum, acetabuli [n.] O Noun small cup (esp. for vinegar), cup-shaped part (pl…
acetarium, acetarii [n.] O Noun salad (seasoned)
ad Preposition (1.) to, toward, near, at, in, by, about (with nu…
addo, addis, addere C, addidi, additum Verb add, insert, bring/attach to, say in addition, in…
adduco, adducis, adducere C, adduxi, adductum Verb lead, prompt, induce
adicio, adicis, adicere M, adjeci, adjectum Verb add, increase, raise, add to (DAT/ad+ACC), sugges…
adeo, adis, adire IR, adii, aditum Verb to go towards, approach
admiror, admiraris, admirari A, admiratus sum (Dep.) Verb admire, respect, regard with wonder, wonder at, b…
adpositum, adpositi [n.] O Noun adjective, epithet
adspicio, adspicis, adspicere M, adspexi, adspectum Verb look/gaze on/at, see, observe, behold, regard, fa…
advenio, advenis, advenire I, adveni, adventum Verb come to, arrive, arrive at, reach, be brought, de…
adversus/adversa/adversum, AO Adjective opposite, adverse
aedes, aedis [f.] C Noun temple, shrine, tomb, apartment, room, house (pl.…
aedificium, aedificii [n.] O Noun building, house
aegroto, aegrotas, aegrotare A, aegrotavi, aegrotatum Verb be sick, be distressed/mentally/morally ill, be a…
aes, aeris [n.] C Noun bronze
aestas, aestatis [f.] C Noun summer
affero, affers, afferre IR, aftuli, aflatum Verb to bring, to bring to, to bring in
ago, agis, agere C, egi, actum Verb (1.) drive, urge, conduct, act (2.) spend (time w…
aliquando Adverb sometime (or other), at any time, ever, finally, …
aliquid Adverb to some degree/extent, somewhat
aliquis, aliqua, aliquid Pronoun anyone, anything, something, someone
aliter Adverb otherwise, differently, in any other way [aliter …
altus/alta/altum, AO Adjective high, deep, shrill, lofty, deep rooted, far-fetch…
amo, amas, amare A, amavi, amatum Verb (1.) to love (2.) to love, to like (3.) laugh, he…
ambulo, ambulas, ambulare A, ambulavi, ambulatum Verb go, walk
amitto, amittis, amittere C, amisi, amissum Verb lose, let go
amnis, amnis [m.] M Noun river (real/personified), stream, current, (runni…
amor, amoris [m.] C Noun Love, Amor (God of Love), love, amorous, enamored…
amphitheatrum, amphitheatri [n.] O Noun amphitheater, double (oval/circular) theater havi…
amplector, amplecteris, amplecti C, amplexus sum (Dep.) Verb surround, encircle, embrace, clasp, esteem, cheri…
anas, anatis [f.] C Noun duck
anguimanus/anguimana/anguimanum, AO Adjective with snaky hands/serpent-handed/tentacled, epithe…
animal, animalis [n.] I Noun a living creature, animal
ante Preposition (1.) before, in front of (2.) before, previously,…
antequam Conjunction before, sooner than, until
aperio, aperis, aperire I, aperui, apertum Verb open, appear
appropinquo, appropinquas, appropinquare A, appropinquavi, appropinquatum Verb approach, near, converge
apud Preposition at, with, among, at the house of, in the presence…
arbor [arbos], arboris [f.] C Noun tree, tree trunk, mast, oar, ship, gallows, spear…
ardeo, ardes, ardere E, arsi, - Verb burn
arena, arenae [f.] A Noun arena, sand, sandy land or desert, seashore, aren…
argentum, argenti [n.] O Noun silver, money, cash, silver-plate, [argentum vivu…
armarium, armarii [n.] O Noun cabinet, closet, cupboard, chest, safe, book-case…
armum, armi [n.] O Noun arms (pl.), weapons, armor, shield, close fightin…
ascendo, ascendis, ascendere C, ascendi, ascensum Verb climb, go/climb up, mount, scale, mount up, embar…
astrum, astri [n.] O Noun star, heavenly body
atriensis, atriensis [m.] M Noun steward, servant in charge of household administr…
atta, attae [m.] A Noun father (term of respect used when addressing old …
auctoritas, auctoritatis [f.] C Noun authority
audeo, audes, audere E, ausus sum, ausum Verb dare, risk
audeo, audes, audere E, ausi, ausum Verb dare, risk
aufero, aufers, auferre IR, abstuli, ablatum Verb see, take away, carry away, remove
aurantium, aurantii [n.] O Noun orange tree
aurantius/aurantia/aurantium, AO Adjective orange-colored, tawny
aurum, auri [n.] O Noun gold
ausculto, auscultas, auscultare A, auscultavi, auscultatum Verb listen (to), overhear, listen secretly, heed, obey
autem Conjunction (1.) however (2.) but (put after), however, moreo…
avia, aviae [f.] A Noun grandmother, rooted prejudice, old wives tale
avis, avis [f.] M Noun bird, sign, omen, portent
avunculus, avunculi [m.] O Noun maternal uncle, mother's brother, mother's sister…
avus, avi [m.] O Noun grandfather, forefather, ancestor
bene Adverb good, well
brachium, bracchii [n.] O Noun fore-arm, arm, limb, branch
bubula, bubulae [f.] A Noun beef, meat from cattle, plant (also called buglos…
cado, cadis, cadere C, cecidi, cadum Verb fall
caeruleus/caerulea/caeruleum, AO Adjective blue, cerulean, dark, greenish-blue, azure, of ri…
caligo, caligas, caligare A, caligavi, caligatum Verb be dark/gloomy/misty/cloudy, have bad vision, clo…
calor, caloris [m.] C Noun heat, warmth, glow, warm/hot/summer heat/weather,…
caltula, caltulae [f.] A Noun short undergarment worn by women, skirt
cano, canis, canere C, cecini, cantum Verb sing, sing, celebrate, chant, crow, recite, play …
canis, canis [m.] M Noun dog
capio, capis, capere M, cepi, captum Verb take, seize, capture
captivus/captiva/captivum, AO Adjective prisoner
caput, capitis [n.] C Noun head, leader, beginning, life, heading, chapter
careo, cares, carere E, carui, cariturusum Verb (1.) be without, be deprived of, want, lack (2.) …
caro, carnis [f.] M Noun meat, flesh, the_body, pulpy/fleshy/soft parts (p…
carus/cara/carum, AO Adjective dear, beloved, costly, precious, valued, high-pri…
Castra, Castrae [f.] A Noun camp, base, castle
catillus, catilli [m.] O Noun bowl, dish, ornament on sword sheath (L+S), upper…
caveo, caves, cavere E, cavi, cautum Verb beware, avoid, take precautions/defensive action,…
celer/celeris/celere, celeris M Adjective swift, quick, rapid, fast
celeriter Adverb Quickly, Quickly, fast, Schnell
censeo, censes, censere E, censui, censitum Verb think/suppose, judge, recommend, decree, vote, de…
certamen, certaminis [n.] C Noun contest, competition, battle, combat, struggle, r…
certe Adverb definite, sure, certain, reliable, fixed, settled…
certus/certa/certum, AO Adjective definite, sure, certain, reliable
ceterus/cetera/ceterum, AO Adjective remaining, rest
cinereus/cinerea/cinereum, AO Adjective resembling ashes, similar to ashes, ash-colored
circa Adverb around, all around, round about, near, in vicinit…
citreum, citrei [n.] O Noun fruit of citrus tree, citron, citron tree
clamo, clamas, clamare A, clamavi, clamatum Verb shout, call
colo, colis, colere C, colui, cultum Verb live in (place), inhabit, till, cultivate, promot…
collis, collis [m.] M Noun hill, hillock, eminence, hill-top, mound, high gr…
commodus/commoda/commodum, AO Adjective suitable, convenient, obliging, opportune/timely,…
compleo, comples, complere E, complevi, completum Verb fill (up/in), be big enough to fill, occupy space…
conor, conaris, conari A, conatus sum (Dep.) Verb try, attempt
concedo, concedis, concedere C, concessi, concessum Verb relinquish, give up, concede, depart, pardon, sub…
concurro, concurris, concurrere C, concucurri, concursum Verb run/assemble/knock/snap together, agree, fit, con…
coniungo, coniungis, coniungere C, coniungiunxi, coniungiunctum Verb To marry
consolo, consolas, consolare A, consolavi, consolatum Verb console, cheer, comfort, (PASS) console oneself, …
constituo, constituis, constituere C, constitui, constitutum Verb decide, establish, settle, resolve, I place, put,…
continens, continentis [f.] M Noun mainland, continent, forming part of a continuous…
contra Adverb (1.) against, facing, face-to-face, in the eyes, …
contraho, contrahis, contrahere C, contraxi, contractum Verb enter into/upon relationship/agreement/business/m…
convenio, convenis, convenire I, convenirei, conventum Verb (1.) gather, convene, assemble, accost (2.) agree…
copia, copiae [f.] A Noun supply, inventory, stock, troops (pl), abundance
cor, cordis [n.] M Noun heart, mind, soul
corpus, corporis [n.] C Noun body, corpus
cras Adverb tomorrow, after today, on the morrow, hereafter, …
credo, credis, credere C, credidi, creditum Verb believe, trust, trust, entrust, commit/consign, b…
cresco, crescis, crescere C, crevi, cretum Verb increase, come forth/to be, arise/spring (from), …
cubitum, cubiti [n.] O Noun elbow, forearm, ulna, cubit (length - 17.4 inches…
culpa, culpae [f.] A Noun fault
cum Conjunction with, when, at the time/on each occasion/in the s…
cunela, cunelae [f.] A Noun plant (genus Cetera, savory)
cupio, cupis, cupere M, cupivi, cupitum Verb desire, wish, long for
do, das, dare A, dedi, datum Verb give, offer, grant
dea, deae [f.] A Noun goddess
deficio, deficis, deficere M, defeci, defectum Verb fail/falter, run short/out, grow weak/faint, come…
deinde Conjunction then, then/next/afterward, thereon/henceforth/fro…
dejectus/dejecta/dejectum, AO Adjective downcast/dismayed/subdued/dejected, drooping/hang…
deorsum Adverb down, downwards, beneath, below, in lower situati…
desiderium, desiderii [n.] O Noun desire/longing/want/requirement, desire/grief/reg…
deus, dei [m.] O Noun god, supreme being, statue of god
dies, diei [m.] E Noun (1.) Day (2.) day, Day, Diary (3.) Day
difficile Adverb with difficulty
difficilis/difficile, difficilis M Adjective difficult, troublesome, hard, hard to please/mana…
diffido, diffidis, diffidere C, diffisus sum, diffisum Verb distrust, despair
diligentia, diligentiae [f.] A Noun diligence, care, attentiveness, economy, frugalit…
diligo, diligis, diligere C, dilexi, dilectum Verb esteem, love
diripio, diripis, diripere M, diripui, direptum Verb pull/tear apart/to pieces/away, tear asunder/to s…
disco, discis, discere C, didici, discitum Verb learn, hear, get to know, become acquainted with,…
diserte Adverb eloquent, skillfully expressed
disertus/diserta/disertum, AO Adjective eloquent, skillfully expressed
diurnus/diurna/diurnum, AO Adjective by day, of the day, daily
divido, dividis, dividere C, divisi, divisum Verb divide
doceo, doces, docere E, docui, doctum Verb teach
doleo, doles, dolere E, dolui, dolum Verb grieve, suffer, hurt, give pain
dormio, dormis, dormire I, dormivi, dormitum Verb sleep
duco, ducis, ducere C, duxi, ductum Verb lead, guide, develop, prolong
dulcis/dulce, dulcis M Adjective pleasant, charming, sweet, kind, dear, soft, flat…
dum Conjunction (1.) during, as long as, until, while (2.) while,…
dummodo Conjunction provided (that) (+ subj)
edo, edis / es, edere C, edi, essum Verb eat/consume/devour, eat away (fire/water/disease)…
efficio, efficis, efficere M, effeci, effectum Verb bring about, effect, execute, cause, accomplish, …
egeo, eges, egere E, egui, - Verb need, lack, want
ego, tu, - Personal Pronoun I, you, he/she/it (personal pronoun)
egredior, egrederis, egredi M, egressus sum (Dep.) Verb go out
elutorius/elutoria/elutorium, AO Adjective washing
emo, emis, emere C, emi, emptum Verb buy, purchase
emereor, emereris, emereri E, emeritus sum (Dep.) Verb earn, obtain by service, merit, deserve, emerge, …
enim Conjunction namely (postpos.), indeed, in fact, for, I mean, …
equito, equitas, equitare A, equitavi, equitatum Verb ride (horseback)
o, is, ere C, __auto__i, ?um Verb believe, trust
erro, erras, errare A, erravi, erratum Verb wander, err, go astray, be mistaken
escarius/escaria/escarium, AO Adjective relating to food or bait
sum, es, esse IR, fui, - Verb be, exist
et Conjunction and, also
etiam Conjunction also, too, even, still, again, moreover, as well …
evenio, evenis, evenire I, eveni, eventum Verb come out, come about, come forth, happen, turn out
exedra, exedrae [f.] A Noun hall for conversation or debate
exerceo, exerces, exercere E, exercui, exercitum Verb train, discipline, drill
exigo, exigis, exigere C, exegi, exactum Verb (1.) drive out, force out, exact (2.) drive throu…
expecto, expectas, expectare A, expectavi, expectatum Verb await, expect, anticipate, hope for
expello, expellis, expellere C, expuli, expulsum Verb drive out, expel, banish, disown, reject
expergiscor, expergisceris, expergisci C, experrectus sum (Dep.) Verb awake, bestir oneself
expers, expertis M Adjective free from (w/GEN), without, lacking experience, i…
exporto, exportas, exportare A, exportavi, exportatum Verb export, carry out
expugno, expugnas, expugnare A, expugnavi, expugnatum Verb take by assault, storm, capture, reduce, subdue
exter/extera/exterum, AO Adjective outer/external, outward, on outside, far, of anot…
fabula, fabulae [f.] A Noun story, tale, play, Story
facile Adverb easy, agreeable
facilis/facile, facilis M Adjective easy, easy to do, without difficulty, ready, quic…
falso Adverb falsely, deceptively, spuriously
famulus, famuli [m.] O Noun servant
farcio, farcis, farcire I, farsi, fartum Verb stuff, fill up/completely, gorge oneself, insert …
fascia, fasciae [f.] A Noun band/strip, ribbon, B:bandage, streak/band of clo…
fateor, fateris, fateri E, fassus sum (Dep.) Verb confess, admit
feles, felis [f.] C Noun cat, marten/ferret/polecat/wild cat, mouser, inve…
fenestra, fenestrae [f.] A Noun window
ferus/fera/ferum, AO Adjective wild, savage, uncivilized, untamed, fierce
fido, fidis, fidere C, fisus sum, fisum Verb trust, rely on
fides, fidei [f.] E Noun faith, trust, confidence, Faith, Confidence
finio, finis, finire I, finivi, finitum Verb limit, end, finish, determine, define, mark out t…
flammeus/flammea/flammeum, AO Adjective flaming, fiery, fiery red
flo, flas, flare A, flavi, flatum Verb breathe, blow
fleo, fles, flere E, flevi, fletum Verb weep, cry
flumen, fluminis [n.] C Noun river, stream, current, tide, flood, onrush, runn…
fluvius, fluvii [m.] O Noun river, stream, running water, River
focus, foci [m.] O Noun hearth, fireplace, altar, home, household, family…
foedus/foeda/foedum, AO Adjective foul, filthy, unclean, disgusting, loathsome, gha…
foris Adverb out of doors, abroad
fortasse Adverb perhaps, possibly, it may be, Perhaps
forum, fori [n.] O Noun marketplace, public square, forum
fracta Adverb now, at the moment
frater, fratris [m.] C Noun brother, cousin
fraus, fraudis [f.] C Noun fraud, trickery, deceit, imposition, offense, cri…
frigidarius/frigidaria/frigidarium, AO Adjective cooling, of cooling
frigus, frigoris [n.] C Noun cold, cold weather, winter, frost
frons, frontis [f.] M Noun forehead
fruor, frueris, frui C, fructus sum (Dep.) Verb enjoy (proceeds/socially/sexually), profit by, de…
fuga, fugae [f.] A Noun escape, flight
fungor, fungeris, fungi C, functus sum (Dep.) Verb perform, execute, discharge (duty), be engaged in…
funis, funis [m.] M Noun rope, line, cord, sheet, cable, measuring-line/ro…
funus, funeris [n.] C Noun burial, funeral, funeral rites, ruin, corpse, dea…
gallina, gallinae [f.] A Noun hen
gaudeo, gaudes, gaudere E, -, gavisum Verb delight, be glad, rejoice (Semidep.), rejoice, ta…
gaudeo, gaudes, gaudere E, gavisus sum, gavisum Verb rejoice, take pleasure in
genu, genus [n.] Un Noun knee
gero, geris, gerere C, gessi, gestum Verb carry, carry on, manage, conduct, accomplish, per…
glacies, glaciei [f.] E Noun ice, ice fields (pl.)
gladiator, gladiatoris [m.] C Noun gladiator
gladius, gladii [m.] O Noun sword
gradus, gradus [m.] U Noun step, position
habeo, habes, habere E, habui, habitum Verb have, hold, possess, consider, think
haustrum, haustri [n.] O Noun pump
heri Adverb yesterday
hic, haec, hoc Demonstrative Pronoun this, that
hiems, hiemis [f.] C Noun winter
homo, hominis [m.] C Noun human
honoro, honoras, honorare A, honoravi, honoratum Verb respect, honor
hortor, hortaris, hortari A, hortatus sum (Dep.) Verb encourage, urge
hortus, horti [m.] O Noun garden, fruit/kitchen garden, pleasure garden, pa…
humi Adverb on/to the ground
hīc Adverb here
iacio, iacis, iacere M, ieci, iactum Verb throw, cast, hurl, lay, scatter, diffuse, skid
iam Adverb already, (by) now, (by) then, presently
ibi Preposition (1.) there, in that place, thereupon (2.) there, …
ibidem Adverb in that very place, at that very instant
ideo Adverb (1.) therefore, for the reason that, for that rea…
idoneus/idonea/idoneum, AO Adjective suitable, fit, appropriate
ientaculum, ientaculi [n.] O Noun Breakfast
igitur Adverb therefore (postpositive), so/then, consequently, …
ille, illa, illud Demonstrative Pronoun that
immortalis/immortale, immortalis M Adjective not subject to death, immortal
impedio, impedis, impedire I, impedivi, impeditum Verb impede, hinder, prevent
impluo, impluis, impluere C, implui, implutum Verb rain, rain upon
Improbus/Improba/Improbum, AO Adjective Corrupt, Immoral, Vicious, Degenerate
incertus/incerta/incertum, AO Adjective uncertain, unsure, doubtful
incito, incitas, incitare A, incitavi, incitatum Verb (1.) encourage (2.) enrage, urge on, inspire, aro…
incola, incolae [m.] A Noun Inhabitant
inimicus, inimici [m.] O Noun (personal)enemy
iniquus/iniqua/iniquum, AO Adjective unjust, unfair, disadvantageous, uneven, unkind, …
initium, initii [n.] O Noun beginning, commencement
inopia, inopiae [f.] A Noun lack, need, poverty, destitution, dearth, want, s…
inter (+ acc.) Preposition between, among, amid
interficio, interficis, interficere M, interfeci, interfectum Verb kill, destroy
intro, intras, intrare A, intravi, intratum Verb enter, go, enter, go
intus Adverb within, on the inside, inside, at home
invado, invadis, invadere C, invasi, invasum Verb enter, attempt, invade, take possession of, attac…
invenio, invenis, invenire I, inveni, inventum Verb come upon, find, discover, invent, contrive, reac…
invidia, invidiae [f.] A Noun envy, jealousy, hatred, discontent
io, is, ire I, ivi, itum Verb increase, to go
eo, is, ire IR, ii, - Verb go
is, ea, id Demonstrative Pronoun this
ita Adverb so, in such a way
item Adverb (1.) likewise, besides, also, similarly (2.) also…
iubeo, iubes, iubere E, iussi, iussum Verb command, order, require
iungo, iungis, iungere C, iunxi, iunctum Verb connect
iuro, iuras, iurare A, iuravi, iuratum Verb swear
iuvo, iuvas, iuvare A, iuvi, iutum Verb help, aid, assist, please
iuxta Preposition nearly, near, close to, adjoining, like, accordin…
labellum, labelli [n.] O Noun bowl, basin, sink, lips, lips
Lac, Lactis [n.] C Noun milk, milky juice of plants, spat/spawn (of oyste…
Laudo, Laudas, Laudare A, Laudavi, Laudatum Verb To praise, recommend, approve, extol
lavo, lavas, lavare A, lavi, lautum Verb wash, bathe, soak
lego, legas, legare A, legavi, legatum Verb bequeath, will, entrust, send as an envoy, choose…
legatus, legati [m.] O Noun legate, envoy, ambassador, commander, lieutenant
lego, legis, legere C, legi, lectum Verb read, choose, select, to steal, read, choose, rea…
legio, legionis [f.] C Noun legion
lente Adverb clinging, tough, slow, sluggish, lazy, procrastin…
lentus/lenta/lentum, AO Adjective clinging, tough, slow, sluggish, lazy, procrastin…
leo, leonis [m.] C Noun (1.) lion (2.) Leo (name of several Popes), pries…
lex, legis [f.] C Noun (1.) law, rule (2.) law, statute, motion, bill, p…
libo, libas, libare A, libavi, libatum Verb (1.) pour a libation of, pour a libation on (2.) …
libenter Adverb gladly, with pleasure, readily
liber/libera/liberum, AO Adjective free (man), unimpeded, void of, independent, outs…
libere Adverb free (man), unimpeded, void of, independent, outs…
libertas, libertatis [f.] C Noun freedom, liberty
libido, libidinis [f.] C Noun desire, longing, wish, fancy, lust, wantonness, w…
libum, libi [n.] O Noun cake/pancake, consecrated cake (to gods on 50 bir…
linteamen, linteaminis [n.] C Noun linen cloth
linteum, lintei [n.] O Noun linen cloth, linen, sail, napkin, awning, bedshee…
litus, litoris [n.] C Noun coast, shore
locus, loci [m.] O Noun place, location
loquor, loqueris, loqui C, locutus sum (Dep.) Verb say, speak, tell
luceo, luces, lucere E, luxi, - Verb shine, emit light (heavenly body), dawn, cause to…
Ludo, Ludis, Ludere C, Ludi, Lusum Verb Play
lumen, luminis Noun light, source of ligh
luna, lunae [f.] A Noun moon
magis Adverb to greater extent, more nearly, rather, instead, …
magnus/magna/magnum, AO Adjective big, great
malum, mali [n.] O Noun apple, fruit, lemon, quince
malus/mala/malum, AO Adjective bad, evil, wicked, ugly, unlucky
mane Adverb in the morning, early in the morning
mare, maris [n.] I Noun sea, moon plains
maritimus/maritima/maritimum, AO Adjective maritime, of/near/by the sea, coastal, relating/u…
maritus, mariti [m.] O Noun Husband, Wife, husband
mater, matris [f.] M Noun mother, foster mother, lady, matron, origin, sour…
maturus/matura/maturum, AO Adjective early, speedy, ripe, mature, mellow, timely, seas…
medicus, medici [m.] O Noun doctor
meditor, meditaris, meditari A, meditatus sum (Dep.) Verb consider/contemplate/ponder, meditate, think abou…
mensa, mensae [f.] A Noun table, dining, dish, course
Mercurius, Mercurii [m.] O Noun Mercury (god)
meridianus/meridiana/meridianum, AO Adjective of midday, noon, southern
merx, mercis [f.] M Noun commodity, merchandise (pl.), goods
metuo, metuis, metuere C, metui, - Verb fear, dread
mio, mias, miare A, miavi, miatum Verb make water, urinate
mille, milis [n.] I Noun thousand, thousands (men/things), miles, [~ passu…
minister, ministri [m.] O Noun attendant, servant, waiter, agent, aide, accompli…
minus Adverb less, not so well, not quite
miror, miraris, mirari A, miratus sum (Dep.) Verb marvel at, admire, wonder
mirus/mira/mirum, AO Adjective wonderful, strange, remarkable, amazing, surprisi…
moneo, mones, monere E, monui, monitum Verb urge, warn, remind, advice
morior, moreris, mori M, mortuus sum (Dep.) Verb die
mox Adverb soon, Soon
multo Adverb much, by much, a great deal, very, most, by far, …
mundus/munda/mundum, AO Adjective clean, cleanly, nice, neat, elegant, delicate, re…
munitio, munitionis [f.] C Noun fortifying, fortification
munus, muneris [n.] C Noun service, duty, office, function, gift, tribute, o…
nam Conjunction namely, because, since, for
narro, narras, narrare A, narravi, narratum Verb tell
narta, nartae [f.] A Noun ski (instrument)
nascor, nasceris, nasci C, natus sum (Dep.) Verb (1.) be born (2.) spring forth, arise
nato, natas, natare A, natavi, natatum Verb swim, float
ne Conjunction not, [ne....quidem => not even], truly, indeed, v…
ne … quidem Phrase not even
negotiator, negotiatoris [m.] C Noun wholesale trader or dealer
negotium, negotii [n.] O Noun work, pain, trouble, annoyance, distress, busines…
nescio, nescis, nescire I, nescivi, nescitum Verb not know, be ignorant
nihil, - [m.] C Noun (indefinite) nothing
nimis Adverb very much, too much, exceedingly, Too much
nisi Conjunction if not, except, unless
nix, nivis [f.] C Noun snow
nocens, nocentis M Adjective harmful, guilty, criminal
nolo, non vis, nolle IR, nolui, - Verb be unwilling, wish not, want not, refuse
nonnullus/nonnulla/nonnullum, AO Adjective number of (pl.), some, several
nox, noctis [f.] M Noun night
nudus/nuda/nudum, AO Adjective naked, nude
numero, numeras, numerare A, numeravi, numeratum Verb count, add up, reckon/compute, consider, relate, …
nummus, nummi [m.] O Noun coin, cash, money, sesterce
numquam Adverb never
nunc Adverb now, at present
nuntius, nuntii [m.] M Noun envoy, messenger, message
nuptia, nuptiae [f.] A Noun wedding
nēmō, nēminis [m.] M Noun no one, nobody
nūllus/nūlla/nūllum, AO Adjective not any, no, none
oboedio, oboedis, oboedire I, oboedivi, oboeditum Verb obey, listen/harken/submit (to), be subject/obedi…
obses, obsidis [m.] C Noun hostage, pledge, security
occido, occidis, occidere C, occidi, occisum Verb kill, murder, slaughter, slay, cut/knock down, we…
occupo, occupas, occupare A, occupavi, occupatum Verb seize
odoror, odoraris, odorari A, odoratus sum (Dep.) Verb smell out, scent, get a smattering (of )
officium, officii [n.] A Noun office
oleo, oles, olere E, olui, - Verb smell of, smell like
olus, oleris [n.] C Noun vegetables, cabbage, turnips, greens, kitchen/pot…
omnia Adverb in all respects
omnis/omne, omnis M Adjective each, every, all
oppugno, oppugnas, oppugnare A, oppugnavi, oppugnatum Verb fight against, attack, assault, assail
ops, opis [f.] C Noun help, aid, (plural) power, resources, wealth
oro, oras, orare A, oravi, oratum Verb pray, beg
ordior, ordiris, ordiri I, orsus sum (Dep.) Verb begin
ordo, ordinis [m.] C Noun row, order/rank, succession, series, class, bank …
orior, orieris, orii C, oritus sum (Dep.) Verb rise (sun/river), arise/emerge, crop up, get up (…
oryza, oryzae [f.] A Noun rice
os, oris [n.] C Noun mouth, face
osculor, oscularis, osculari A, osculatus sum (Dep.) Verb kiss, exchange kisses
ovis, ovis [f.] M Noun sheep
ovum, ovi [n.] O Noun egg, oval
panis, panis [m.] M Noun bread, loaf
par, paris [n.] C Noun pair, set of two, conjugal pair, pair of associat…
pareo, pares, parere E, parui, '-'um Verb be obedient, obey
pater, patris [m.] C Noun father
patior, pateris, pati M, passus sum (Dep.) Verb suffer, endure, permit, allow
patiens, patientis M Adjective patient/long-suffering, tolerant/easy-going, subm…
patria, patriae [f.] A Noun Home, Homeland, Country
pauper, pauperis M Adjective poor
pax, pacis [f.] C Noun peace
pecto, pectis, pectere C, pexi, pexum Verb comb, card (wool, etc)
pecunia, pecuniae [f.] A Noun money
pendeo, pendes, pendere E, pependi, - Verb hang, hang down, depend, [~ ab ore => hang upon t…
peto, petis, petere C, petivi, petitum Verb to seek, head for, rush at
Petio, Petis, Petire I, Petivi, Petitum Verb go, attack, ask for
pietas, pietatis [f.] C Noun piety, devotion
pingo, pingis, pingere C, pinxi, pictum Verb paint, tint, color, adorn/decorate w/colored desi…
pinus, pinus [f.] U Noun pine/fir tree/wood/foliage, ship/mast/oar, pinewo…
piper, piperis [m.] C Noun pepper
placeo, places, placere E, placui, placitum Verb please, satisfy, be pleasing
planta, plantae [f.] A Noun cutting, heel, young shoot detached for propagati…
plenus/plena/plenum, AO Adjective full (of), full, abundant, generous
plerumque Adverb most of the time
pluo, pluis, pluere C, plui, - Verb rain, fall like rain, rain down, drip with rain
pluvia, pluviae [f.] A Noun rain, shower
poculum, poculi [n.] O Noun cup, bowl, drinking vessel, drink/draught, social…
pomum, pomi [n.] O Noun fruit, apple, fruit-tree
pondus, ponderis [n.] C Noun weight, burden, impediment
pone Preposition behind (in local relations) (rare)
pono, ponis, ponere C, posui, positum Verb (1.) put, place, set, station, set aside (2.) put…
pons, pontis [m.] M Noun bridge
porta, portae [f.] A Noun door, portal
posco, poscis, poscere C, poposci, - Verb ask, demand
possum, potes, posse IR, potui, - Verb be able, can
post+Acc. Preposition after, behind, later, afterwards
postquam Conjunction after
postremo Adverb eventually, finally
potestas, potestatis [f.] C Noun power
potio, potionis [f.] C Noun drinking, drink
potior, potiris, potiri I, potitus sum (Dep.) Verb obtain, acquire, grasp, attain, reach (goal), com…
potius Adverb rather, more, preferably
praebeo, praebes, praebere E, praebui, praebitum Verb offer, provide
praeteritus/praeterita/praeteritum, AO Adjective past
precor, precaris, precari A, precatus sum (Dep.) Verb beg/implore/entreat, wish/pray for/to, pray, supp…
primum Adverb first, for the first time
princeps, principis [m.] C Noun the first, emperor, chief, chieftain
prius Adverb earlier, before, previously, first
procerus/procera/procerum, AO Adjective tall, long, high, lofty, upraised, grown/extended…
procul Adverb away, at distance, far off, In the distance, Far …
Proficiscor or, Proficiscor eris, Proficiscor i C, Profectus sum (Dep.) Verb Aufbrechen, start, proceed, leave, make move, go,…
prohibeo, prohibes, prohibere E, prohibui, prohibitum Verb keep (back), prevent, hinder, restrain, prohibit
projectus/projecta/projectum, AO Adjective jutting out, projecting, precipitate, abject, gro…
prolabor, prolaberis, prolabi C, prolapsus sum (Dep.) Verb glide or slip forwards, fall into decay, go to ru…
promitto, promittis, promittere C, promittmisi, promittmissum Verb send forth, promise
prope Preposition close to, near, Near
protervus/proterva/protervum, AO Adjective violent, reckless, impudent, shameless
pugna, agri [f.] A Noun fault, crime, vice
pugno, pugnas, pugnare A, pugnavi, pugnatum Verb fight, battle
qua Adverb where, by which route
quaero, quaeris, quaerere C, quaesivi, quaesitum Verb search, research, ask
quaeso, quaesis, quaesere C, -, - Verb beg, ask, ask for, seek
quam Pronoun (1.) like, how, how much, as, than, [quam + super…
quamquam Conjunction though, although, yet, nevertheless, also
quamvis Adverb although, however much
quando Adverb when (interog), at what time, at any time (indef …
quantus/quanta/quantum, AO Adjective how large, how great, how much
quater Adverb four times (number/degree), on four occasions, ti…
queror, quereris, queri C, questus sum (Dep.) Verb complain, lament
qui, quae, quod Relative Pronoun who, which, whom, that
quia Conjunction (1.) because, that (2.) because (3.) because (4.)…
quidem Adverb (1.) indeed, certainly, at least (2.) at least, c…
quiete Adverb at rest, quiet, tranquil, calm, peaceful, orderly…
quod Conjunction (1.) for the reason that, due to the fact that, a…
quot Particle how many?
raeda, raedae [f.] A Noun four wheeled wagon, car
rana, ranae [f.] A Noun frog
rapio, rapis, rapere M, rapui, raptum Verb seize, snatch, carry away
ratio, rationis [f.] C Noun reckoning, account, reason, judgement, considerat…
recito, recitas, recitare A, recitavi, recitatum Verb read (aloud), present
recreo, recreas, recreare A, recreavi, recreatum Verb (1.) restore, revive (2.) refresh, cheer
recta Adverb directly, straight
reddo, reddis, reddere C, reddidi, redditum Verb return, restore, deliver, hand over, pay back, re…
redigo, redigis, redigere C, redegi, redactum Verb drive back, reduce, render
reficio, reficis, reficere M, refeci, refectum Verb rebuild, repair, restore
rego, regis, regere C, rexi, rectum Verb rule
regina, reginae [f.] A Noun queen
renovo, renovas, renovare A, renovavi, renovatum Verb renew, restore, revive
reor, reris, reri E, ratus sum (Dep.) Verb think, regard, deem, suppose, believe, reckon
res, rei [f.] E Noun thing, matter, business, affair
rex, regis [m.] C Noun king
rideo, rides, ridere E, risi, risum Verb laugh
robustus/robusta/robustum, AO Adjective of oak, hard/firm/solid, hardy/robust/durable, ab…
ruber/rubra/rubrum, AO Adjective red, ruddy, painted red, [Rubrum Mare => Red Sea,…
ruina, ruinae [f.] A Noun fall, catastrophe, collapse, destruction
saccharum, sacchari [n.] O Noun sugar
saepe Adverb often
saepes, saepis [f.] C Noun hedge, fence, anything planted/erected to form su…
sal, salis [m.] I Noun (1.) salt (2.) wit
salio, salis, salire I, salivi, saltum Verb leap, jump, move suddenly/spasmodically (part of …
salto, saltas, saltare A, saltavi, saltatum Verb dance, jump, portray or represent in a dance
saltatrix, saltatricis [f.] C Noun dancing girl
salus, salutis [f.] C Noun salutation, greeting, safety, salvation, health
sanguis, sanguinis [m.] C Noun blood
sapio, sapis, sapere M, sapivi, - Verb taste of, understand, have sense
saxum, saxi [n.] O Noun rock, stone
scala, scalae [f.] A Noun ladder (pl.)
schola, scholae [f.] A Noun school
scientia, scientiae [f.] A Noun knowledge
scio, scis, scire I, scivi, scitum Verb know
scribo, scribis, scribere C, scripsi, scriptum Verb write
sed Conjunction but
semel Adverb once
semper Adverb (1.) always (2.) always, Always (3.) always
senior, senioris [m.] C Noun older/elderly man, senior
sententia, sententiae [f.] A Noun feeling, thought, opinion, vote, sentence
sentio, sentis, sentire I, sensi, sensum Verb feel, perceive, think, experience
septentrional, septentrionalis [n.] I Noun northern part of a country/region, the North, nor…
septentrionalis/septentrionale, septentrionalis M Adjective northern, north-, in northern hemisphere (constel…
serpens, Serpentis [f.] M Noun Snake
si Conjunction if, If
sicut Adverb (1.) just as, exactly as, as if, like (2.) as, li…
signo, signas, signare A, signavi, signatum Verb mark, stamp, designate, sign, seal
Simia, Simiae [f.] A Noun Monkey
simul Adverb (1.) simultaneously, at the same time (2.) at the…
sin Conjunction but if, if on the contrary
siquando Adverb if when, at what time, if/when some day, if at an…
sitio, sitis, sitire I, sitivi, - Verb be thirsty
socolata, socolatae [f.] A Noun chocolate
solacium, solacii [n.] O Noun comfort, relief
solor, solaris, solari A, solatus sum (Dep.) Verb solace, console, comfort, soothe, ease, lighten, …
soleo, soles, solere E, solitus sum, solitum Verb I am used to
solidus/solida/solidum, AO Adjective solid, same material throughout, unalloyed, not h…
solitudo, solitudinis [f.] C Noun solitude, loneliness, deprivation, wilderness
solium, solii [n.] O Noun throne, seat, bath-tub, tub
solum, soli [n.] O Noun bottom, ground, floor, soil, land
solus/sola/solum, AO Adjective alone, only, the only
soror, sororis [f.] C Noun sister, nun
spectator, spectatoris [m.] C Noun spectator
spero, speras, sperare A, speravi, speratum Verb hope for, hope
sto, stas, stare A, steti, statum Verb stand, stand still, stand firm, remain, rest
stola, stolae [f.] A Noun stola, Roman matron's outer garment, dress, cloth…
stragulum, straguli [n.] O Noun covering, rug, carpet, bedspread, bed-cover
stragulus/stragula/stragulum, AO Adjective covering
studo, studas, studare A, studavi, studatum Verb study, learn
subito Adverb suddenly, unexpectedly, at once, at short notice,…
subitus/subita/subitum, AO Adjective sudden, rash, unexpected
sucus, suci [m.] O Noun juice, sap, moisture, drink/draught, potion, medi…
sumo, sumis, sumere C, sumpsi, sumptum Verb take
summus/summa/summum, AO Adjective (1.) highest, furthest, top (of) (2.) last, final
super Preposition above, about, on top, over, upwards, moreover, in…
sursum Adverb up, on high
taceo, taces, tacere E, tacui, tacitum Verb be silent, leave unmentioned
tamen Conjunction nevertheless, however, still, despite, yet, notwi…
tandem Adverb finally, eventually, at last, after all, Finally,…
tango, tangis, tangere C, tetigi, tactum Verb touch, strike, border on, influence, mention
tantum Adverb so much, so far, hardly, only
tectum, tecti [n.] O Noun roof, ceiling, house, building
tego, tegis, tegere C, texi, tectum Verb cover
templum, templi [n.] O Noun temple
tempus, temporis [n.] C Noun time, occasion, opportunity, condition, right tim…
tendo, tendis, tendere C, tetendi, tentum Verb stretch/spread/extend, distend, aim/direct weapon…
teneo, tenes, tenere E, tenui, tentum Verb (1.) hold, grasp (2.) keep, possess (3.) occupy
teniludium, teniludii [n.] O Noun tennis
ter Adverb three times, on three occasions
tergum, tergi [n.] O Noun back
terra, terrae [f.] A Noun land, earth
terreo, terres, terrere E, terrui, territum Verb frighten, terrify
testor, testaris, testari A, testatus sum (Dep.) Verb give as evidence, bear witness, make a will, swea…
theatrum, theatri [n.] O Noun Theatre
timor, timoris [m.] C Noun anxiety, fear
tollo, tollis, tollere C, sustuli, sublatum Verb raise, lift up, take away, remove, destroy
totus/tota/totum, AO Adjective whole, entire
tum Adverb then, at that time
turba, turbae [f.] A Noun uproar, disturbance, mob, crowd, multitude
turma, turmae [f.] A Noun troop (of 30 horsemen), squadron, team
ubi Pronoun (1.) where?, where, in what place, (time) when, w…
ubique Adverb anywhere, everywhere (ubiquitous)
umidus/umida/umidum, AO Adjective damp, moist, dank, wet, humid
unda, undae [f.] A Noun wave, billow, water, sea
undo, undas, undare A, undavi, undatum Verb surge/flood/rise in waves, gush/well up, run, str…
unde Adverb Whence, From what or which place, From which, Fro…
urbs, urbis [f.] M Noun city, town
usque Adverb all the way, right on, all the time, continuously…
usus, usus [m.] U Noun use, benefit, advantage
utor, uteris, uti C, usus sum (Dep.) Verb (1.) use (2.) enjoy, experience
uti Conjunction in order that, that, so that, as, when, [ut primu…
utrum Adverb whether, [utrum...an => whether...or]
uxor, uxoris [f.] C Noun wife
vacca, vaccae [f.] A Noun cow
vacuefacio, vacuefacis, vacuefacere M, vacuefeci, vacuefactum Verb empty/free/clear place), make room, make vacant, …
vacuitas, vacuitatis [f.] C Noun vacancy, empty space, absence of, freedom/exempti…
vacuus/vacua/vacuum, AO Adjective empty, vacant, unoccupied, devoid of, free of
vado, vadis, vadere C, vasi, - Verb go, advance, rush, hurry, walk
valde Adverb (1.) very, much/many, Very (2.) strongly
vanus/vana/vanum, AO Adjective empty, vain, false, untrustworthy
vas, vasis [n.] C Noun vessel, vase, pack, utensil, equipment/apparatus …
veho, vehis, vehere C, vexi, vectum Verb bear, carry, convey, pass, ride, sail
vel Conjunction (1.) or, even, actually, or even, in deed (2.) or…
volo, vis, velle IR, volui, - Verb want, wish
venio, venis, venire I, veni, ventum Verb come
venter, ventris [m.] M Noun stomach, womb, belly
ver, veris [n.] C Noun spring, spring-time of life, youth, [ver sacrum =…
verbum, verbi [n.] O Noun word
vereor, vereris, vereri E, veritus sum (Dep.) Verb revere, respect, fear, dread
verisimiliter Adverb having appearance of truth
veritas, veritatis [f.] C Noun truth
verro, verris, verrere C, verri, versum Verb sweep clean, sweep together, sweep (to the ground…
verto, vertis, vertere C, verti, versum Verb turn, change, advert
verus/vera/verum, AO Adjective true, real, genuine, actual, properly named, well…
vesper, vesperi [m.] O Noun evening, evening star, west, [sub vesperum => tow…
vestio, vestis, vestire I, vestivi, vestitum Verb clothe
vestis, vestis [f.] M Noun garment, garb, clothes
veto, vetas, vetare A, vetui, vetitum Verb forbid, prohibit, vote against, prevent, oppose, …
via, viae [f.] A Noun street, road, path, way
victrix, victricis [f.] C Noun conqueror
victrix, victricis M Adjective conquering
victus, victus [m.] U Noun living, way of life, that which sustains life, no…
videlicet Adverb one may see, clearly, evidently
video, vides, videre E, vidi, visum Verb (1.) see (2.) Seem
vidulus, viduli [m.] O Noun travel-trunk, portmanteau, wallet, bag for carryi…
vinco, vincis, vincere C, vici, victum Verb win, conquer, defeat
vincio, vincis, vincire I, vinxi, vinctum Verb bind, fetter, restrain
viridarium, viridarii [n.] O Noun tree-plantation, tree garden
viridis/viride, viridis M Adjective fresh, green, blooming, youthful
virtus, virtutis [f.] C Noun bravery, fortitude, virtue
visito, visitas, visitare A, visitavi, visitatum Verb visit, call upon, see frequently/habitually
vitupero, vituperas, vituperare A, vituperavi, vituperatum Verb find fault with, blame, reproach, disparage, scol…
vix Adverb hardly, barely, only with difficulty, just now
voco, vocas, vocare A, vocavi, vocatum Verb (1.) shout, call (2.) summon (3.) name
volo, volas, volare A, volavi, volatum Verb fly, wish, want
vox, vocis [f.] C Noun voice, voice, sound, word, cry
vulnero, vulneras, vulnerare A, vulneravi, vulneratum Verb wound, injure, harm, pain, distress, inflict woun…
vultus, vultus [m.] U Noun countenance, face, expression, Expression
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Vocabulary Units Overview